Q1. With reference to the heat waves, consider the following statements:

  1. Heat wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains and at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions.
  2. When maximum temperature departure is 4.50°C or more from normal, Heat Wave may be described provided actual maximum temperature is 370°C for coastal stations of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Heat wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C or more for Plains and at least 30°C or more for Hilly regions. When maximum temperature departure is 4.50°C or more from normal, Heat Wave may be described provided actual maximum temperature is 370°C for coastal stations of India.

https://www.who.int/india/heat-waves

Q2. With reference to the Central Vigilance Commission, consider the following statements:

  1. It was set up by the Government in 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
  2. It was set up as a statutory organization by an act passed by the Parliament.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  CVC was set up by the Government in 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It was not set up as a statutory organization initially. The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on September 11, 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 came into effect from that date.

https://cvc.gov.in/?q=about/background

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Formed with the signing of the Washington Treaty, NATO is a security alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe.
  2. The Warsaw Pact was a collective defence treaty established by the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Formed with the signing of the Washington Treaty, NATO is a security alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe. The Warsaw Pact was a collective defence treaty established by the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe:  Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania (Albania withdrew in 1968).

https://www.nato.int/cps/us/natohq/declassified_138294.htm 

https://nato.usmission.gov/our-relationship/about-nato/#:~:text=Formed%20in%201949%20with%20the,by%20political%20and%20military%20means.

Q4. Which one of the following best describes the term ‘Covalescent plasma’, often seen in news?

(a) It is the clear, straw-colored liquid portion of blood that remains after red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and other cellular components are removed.     

 (b) It is a way of artificially inducing passive immunity by transferring blood plasma from patients who have had a disease to naive patients.            

 (c)  It is the fourth state of matter after solid, liquid, and gas.   

 (d) None of the above                                                                                

Option B is correct. ‘Covalescent plasma’ is a way of artificially inducing passive immunity by transferring blood plasma from patients who have had a disease to naive patients.                 

https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Convalescent-Plasma.aspx

Q5. With reference to the space debris, consider the following statements:

  1. Space debris refers to all the human-made objects such as whole and abandoned satellites, pieces of broken satellites and other random objects left behind by astronauts during space walks.
  2. The ‘End-of-Life Services by Astroscale demonstration mission’ (Elsa-D), has been developed by ISRO, which is the world’s first commercial mission to demonstrate a space debris removal system.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Space debris refers to all the human-made objects such as whole and abandoned satellites, pieces of broken satellites and other random objects left behind by astronauts during space walks.           

Statement 2 is incorrect. The ‘End-of-Life Services by Astroscale demonstration mission’ (Elsa-D), developed by a Japanese company called Astroscale. It is the world’s first commercial mission to demonstrate a space debris removal system.

https://www.thehindu.com/children/what-constitutes-space-debris-and-why-they-need-our-attention/article34237578.ece

Q6. Recently, Indian astronomers have traced the Wolf-Rayet stars or WR stars, which are

(a) Dormant stars found in space.            

 (b) Spherical, compact objects that are about the size of a large city but contain more mass than the sun.

 (c) Formed when a massive star runs out of fuel and collapses.  

 (d) Highly luminous objects a thousand times that of the Sun.

Option D is correct. The rare Wolf-Rayet stars are highly luminous objects a thousand times that of the Sun and have intrigued astronomers for long. They are massive stars and strip their outer hydrogen envelope which is associated with the fusion of helium and other elements in the massive core.

https://www.indiatvnews.com/science/indian-astronomers-trace-rare-supernova-explosion-to-wolf-rayet-stars-695892

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding Prime Minister Mudra Yojana (PMMY):

  1. It was launched with an aim to bring the target audience into the formal financial fold.
  2. MUDRA was created as a refinancing institution providing loans up to Rs. 10 lakhs, to the eligible enterprises.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. MUDRA was launched in 2015, with an aim to bring the target audience into the formal financial fold. MUDRA was created as a refinancing institution providing loans up to Rs. 10 lakhs maximum to the eligible enterprises through the Commercial Banks, RRBS, Cooperative Banks, NBFC and MFI etc.  

https://www.lendingkart.com/mudra-loan/

Q8. Which one of the following best describes the term ‘Income distance’, often seen in the news?

 (a) The distance between the income of the richest and poorest people in the country.

(b) It is the distance of the state’s income from the state with the highest income. 

(c) The difference between the current and capital account deficits of a country.

(d) None of the above.

Option B is correct.  Income distance is the distance of the state’s income from the state with the highest income.  

https://www.prsindia.org/report-summaries/report-15th-finance-commission-fy-2020-21

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(a)

6-(d)

7-(c)

8-(b)