Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Indian Cinema:

  1. In India, all films must have a Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) certificate if they are to be released theatrically, telecast on television, or displayed publicly in any way. 
  2. The CBFC which consists of a Chairperson and members, all appointed by the Government of India certifies films under four categories.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.                        

 Both statements are correct. In India, all films must have a Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) certificate if they are to be released theatrically, telecast on television, or displayed publicly in any way.     The CBFC — which consists of a Chairperson and 23 members, all appointed by the Government of India — certifies films under four categories:                 

U: Unrestricted public exhibition (Suitable for all age groups)
U/A: Parental guidance for children under age 12
A: Restricted to adults(Suitable for 18 years and above
S: Restricted to a specialised group of people, such as engineers, doctors or scientists.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/the-role-significance-of-film-certification-tribunal-now-abolished-7263409/

Q2. With reference to the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea, consider the following statements:

  1. UNCLOS as the currently prevailing law of the sea is binding completely.
  2. The UN has a major functional role in the working of UNCLOS.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. UNCLOS as the currently prevailing law of the sea is binding completely.                

Statement 2 is incorrect. Even as the name of the nautical law suggests a United Nations’ involvement, the UN does not have any major functional role in the working of UNCLOS.

https://www.marineinsight.com/maritime-law/nautical-law-what-is-unclos/#:~:text=UNCLOS%20is%20an%20acronym%20for,from%2016th%20November%201982.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1.  Recently, the ministry of finance has launched the Government Securities Acquisition Programme (G-SAP).
  2. G-SAP aims to provide more comfort to the bond market.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect.  Reiterating the RBI’s commitment to maintaining the current accommodative policy stance until the economy is back on track, the Governor enthused the markets with a new programme — Government Securities Acquisition Programme (G-SAP) — through which it will purchase government securities worth Rs 1 lakh crore in the first quarter of FY22. 

Statement 2 is correct. G-SAP aims to provide more comfort to the bond market.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/g-sap-rbi-market-7263221/

Q4. With reference to the cultivation of opium in India, consider the following statements:

  1. In India, opium poppy cultivation is prohibited everywhere.
  2. India is not a signatory to the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.                                                        

Both statements are incorrect. In India opium poppy cultivation is prohibited, under Section 8 of NDPS Act, 1985, except under a license issued by the Central Bureau of Narcotics under Rule 8 of NDPS Rules, 1985.  As a signatory to the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 and as a licit producer of opium, India is required to adhere to the regulations under the said convention.     

cbn.nic.in/html/operations.html#:~:text=OPIUM%20POPPY%20CULTIVATION%20AND%20PROCEDURE,is%20permitted%20by%20the%20Govt.

Q5. The IMPRINT India programme, often seen in news, is an initiative of

(a) Ministry of Education              

 (b) NITI Aayog

 (c) Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare 

 (d) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Option A is correct. Adopting engineering and technology as a vehicle to address the social needs, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, now called the Ministry of Education, has formulated a catalytic scheme for Impacting Research, Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) as a pan-India initiative.

https://imprint-india.org/

Q6. With reference to the net-zero emissions, consider the following statements:

  1. The net-zero goal does not figure in the 2015 Paris agreement.
  2. Net-zero does not mean that a country would bring down its emissions to zero. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                              

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The net-zero goal does not figure in the 2015 Paris agreement. Net-zero, which is also referred to as carbon-neutrality, does not mean that a country would bring down its emissions to zero. Rather, net-zero is a state in which a country’s emissions are compensated by absorption and removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-india-opposes-net-zero-7263422/

 Q7. With reference to the process of removal of judges of the Supreme Court of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Judges of the Supreme Court can be removed on the ground of proved misbehavior only.
  2. They cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament, supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting and presented to the President.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. They can be removed only on the grounds of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

Statement 2 is correct. A Judge of the Supreme Court cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament, supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting and presented to the President.

https://main.sci.gov.in/constitution#:~:text=A%20Judge%20of%20the%20Supreme%20Court%20cannot%20be%20removed%20from,presented%20to%20the%20President%20in

Q8. Consider the following statements regarding the International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA), recently seen in the news:

  1. It endeavours to encourage the promotion of financial technologies (‘FinTech’) initiatives in financial products and financial services across the spectrum of banking, insurance, securities and fund management.
  2. IFSCA has recently introduced a framework for “Regulatory Sandbox”, which shall operate within the IFSC located at Mumbai.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. IFSCA endeavours to encourage the promotion of financial technologies (‘FinTech’) initiatives in financial products and financial services across the spectrum of banking, insurance, securities and fund management.

Statement 2 is incorrect. IFSCA has introduced a framework for “Regulatory Sandbox”, which shall operate within the IFSC located at GIFT City.             

https://indiaeducationdiary.in/ifsca-introduces-framework-for-regulatory-sandboxto-tap-into-innovative-fintech-solutions/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(a)

6-(c)

7-(b)

8-(a)