Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the appointment of ad-hoc judges in Indian high courts:

  1. The appointment of ad-hoc judges was provided for in the Constitution of India under article 224A.
  2. There should not be a move for appointment of ad hoc judges unless a Chief Justice has made the recommendations for all the existing vacancies in his or her High Court.             

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The appointment of ad-hoc judges was provided for in the Constitution of India under article 224A. There should not be a move for appointment of ad hoc judges unless a Chief Justice has made the recommendations for all the existing vacancies in his or her High Court.      

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ad-hoc-judges-should-not-be-appointed-in-lieu-of-regular-recommendations-says-supreme-court/article34270928.ece

Q2. The famous ‘Durbar Move’, often seen in news, is associated with which one of the following states/UTs of India?

(a) Himachal Pradesh    

(b) Delhi              

(c) Karnataka    

(d) Jammu and Kashmir               

Option D is correct. Durbar Move is a bi-annual shifting of the Civil Secretariat and other offices of the state government from Jammu to Srinagar in summer, and vice versa in winter. This is done as Jammu & Kashmir has two capitals: Srinagar during summer and Jammu during winter.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/jammu-and-kashmir-sensitive-records-durbar-move-7265198/

Q3.  Recently, SARTHAQ has been launched by the government of India, which is an indicative and suggestive implementation plan for

(a) School education      

(b) Health care

(c) Employment of rural youths

(d) Digital literacy

Option A is correct.  Union Education Minister launched ‘Students’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement through Quality Education (SARTHAQ), the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 implementation plan for school education. 

https://www.ndtv.com/education/education-minister-launches-sarthaq-nep-implementation-plan-for-school

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. T-cell is a type of white blood cell that is of key importance to the immune system and is at the core of adaptive immunity, the system that tailors the body's immune response to specific pathogens.
  2. Coronavirus is resistant to T-cells.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. T-cell is a type of white blood cell that is of key importance to the immune system and is at the core of adaptive immunity, the system that tailors the body's immune response to specific pathogens.          

Statement 2 is incorrect. Some studies show that the mutations in coronavirus could even make the coronavirus resistant to T-cells.

https://www.medicinenet.com/t_cell/definition.htm

Q5. With reference to the African Swine Fever, consider the following statements:

  1. It severely affects the health of human beings.
  2.  Its routes of transmission include direct contact with an infected or wild pig (alive or dead), indirect contact through ingestion of contaminated material such as food waste, feed or garbage, or through biological vectors such as ticks.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. African Swine Fever (ASF) does not affect humans but can be catastrophic for pigs.

Statement 2 is correct. Its routes of transmission include direct contact with an infected or wild pig (alive or dead), indirect contact through ingestion of contaminated material such as food waste, feed or garbage, or through biological vectors such as ticks.                                                             

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/african-swine-fever-assam-china-6523760/

Q6. With reference to the NABARD, consider the following statements:

  1. NABARD was formed on the recommendation of the B. Sivaraman Committee.
  2. Government-owned 100% paid-up capital share in NABARD.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. NABARD was formed on the recommendation of the B. Sivaraman Committee and it was established on 12 July 1982 to regulate National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act 1981. Government-owned 100% paid-up capital share in NABARD. 

https://blog.ipleaders.in/nabard/

Q7.  Consider the following statements regarding the International Organization of Securities Commissions:

  1. The International Organization of Securities Commissions is a global cooperative of securities regulatory agencies that aims to establish and maintain worldwide standards for efficient, orderly and fair markets.
  2. India has recently joined it as its member.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The International Organization of Securities Commissions is a global cooperative of securities regulatory agencies that aims to establish and maintain worldwide standards for efficient, orderly and fair markets.       

Statement 2 is incorrect. Recently, International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) has become an associate member of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).

Associate members consisting of additional futures and securities regulators in those jurisdictions that have multiple regulatory bodies. Associate members do not have a vote and aren’t eligible for the Executive Committee, but are members of the Presidents’ Committee.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/iosco.asp#:~:text=The%20International%20Organization%20of%20Securities%20Commissions%20(IOSCO)%20is%20a%20global,efficient%2C%20orderly%20and%20fair%20markets.&text=Promote%20high%20standards%20of%20regulation%20for%20the%20sake%20of%20orderly%20and%20efficient%20markets

Q8. With reference to the Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS), consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme aims to provide improved weather, climate and ocean forecast and services to all the South Asian countries.
  2. It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The  scheme aims to provide  improved  weather,   climate  and   ocean   forecast  and services, thereby ensuring transfer of commensurate benefits to the various services like Public weather service, disaster management, Agro-meteorological Services, Aviation services, Environmental monitoring services, Hydro-meteorological services, climate services etc. in India. 

Statement 2 is correct. It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences through its institutes namely India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service(INCOIS).   

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553405

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(a)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(b)