Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the contributions of Jyotirao phule in the Indian society:

  1. He is known to work towards the eradication of untouchability and the caste system and for his efforts in educating women.
  2. He, along with his followers, formed the Satyashodhak Samaj to attain equal rights for people from exploited castes.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was an Indian writer, social activist, thinker and anti-caste social reformer from Maharashtra. He is known to work towards the eradication of untouchability and the caste system and for his efforts in educating women. He and his wife, Savitribai Phule, were pioneers of women's education in India. He was born on April 11, 1827, and his birth anniversary is celebrated as Jyotiba Phule Jayanti every year.

Phule started his first school for girls in 1848 in Pune at Tatyasaheb Bhide's residence (Bhidewada). He, along with his followers, formed the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society of Truth Seekers) to attain equal rights for people from exploited castes.

https://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-jyotiba-phule-jayanti-april-18-history-significance-and-facts-about-jyotirao-govindrao-phule-2885788

Q2. Consider the following statements with respect to begging in India:

  1. There is no central act on begging in India.
  2. Criminalising begging would be violative of the right to equality under article 14 of the Constitution of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. While there is no central law prohibiting begging, at least 22 states including Delhi have rules against begging in public.            

Statement 2 is incorrect. Criminalising begging would be violative of the Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India which guarantees to all its citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression. The law states that, “all citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression”.

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/begging-on-indian-streets-still-remain-a-criminal-act-to-be-punished-by-imprisonment-and-fine

Q3. If you want to see the endangered Irrawaddy dolphins in their natural environment, which of the following is the most suitable place to visit?

(a) Godavari river            

(b) Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary           

(c) Pulicat Lake                 

(d) Chilika Lake 

Option D is correct. The population of dolphins in Chilika, India’s largest brackish water lake, and along the Odisha coast has doubled this year compared with last year.

thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/dolphin-boom-in-odishas-chilika-lake/article34292274.ece

Q4.  Doomsday Glacier, recently seen in news, is located in

(a) Arctic ocean

(b) Antarctica

(c) Pacific Ocean

(d) Greenland

Option B is correct. The melting of Antarctica’s Thwaites Glacier – also called the “Doomsday Glacier”– has long been a cause of concern because of its high potential of speeding up the global sea level rise happening due to climate change.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-thwaites-glacier-finding-doomsday-melting-worry-7269124/

Q5. With reference to the Brucellosis, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people. 
  2. Signs and symptoms of brucellosis may include fever, joint pain and fatigue.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people. Most commonly, people are infected by eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products. Sometimes, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals. Signs and symptoms of brucellosis may include fever, joint pain and fatigue. The infection can usually be treated with antibiotics. However, treatment takes several weeks to months, and the infection can recur.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brucellosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351738

Q6. 210 MW hydroelectric project on Umngot river, which is considered India’s clearest river, is being opposed by the residents of which one of the following states of India?

 (a) Meghalaya 

 (b) Kerala

 (c) Uttarakhand

 (d) Manipur

Option A is correct. 210 MW hydroelectric project on Umngot river, which is considered India’s clearest river, is being opposed by the residents of Meghalaya.

thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/meghalaya-locals-oppose-dam-on-indias-clearest-river/article34291199.ece

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. According to the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), three out of four Indians living in villages cannot afford diet which can be considered nutritious.
  2. IFPRI provides binding suggestions to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition in developing countries.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. According to the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), three out of four Indians living in villages cannot afford diet which can be considered nutritious. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. IFPRI provides research-based policy solutions to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition in developing countries.    

https://www.ifpri.org/about    

https://thewire.in/food/hunger-food-nutritional-diet-rural-india

Q8. With reference to the Leather sector Skill Council of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Leather Sector Skill Council is a wholly governmental organization, dedicated to meet the demand for skilled workforce in the leather industry in India.
  2. It was set up in 2012 as one of the key sector skill councils approved by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC) is a non-profit organisation dedicated to meet the demand for skilled workforce in the leather industry in India.

Statement 2 is correct. LSSC was set up in 2012 as one of the key sector skill councils approved by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). It works with a host of members from the industry, government organizations, the academia, the training partners and the assessment partners.

http://leatherssc.org/about-lssc/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(d)

4-(b)

5-(c)

6-(a)

7-(a)

8-(b)