Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD):

  1. It is defined by the difference in sea surface temperature between two areas, a western pole in the Arabian Sea and an eastern pole in the eastern Indian Ocean south of Indonesia. 
  2.  The IOD is a coupled ocean and atmosphere phenomenon, similar to ENSO.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both Statements are correct. IOD is defined by the difference in sea surface temperature between two areas, a western pole in the Arabian Sea and an eastern pole in the eastern Indian Ocean south of Indonesia. The IOD is a coupled ocean and atmosphere phenomenon, similar to ENSO but in the equatorial Indian Ocean.

http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/history/ln-2010-12/IOD-what.shtml

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the Election Commission of India:

  1. The constitution of India provides for an election commission for the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for the conduct of elections at all the levels of the legislatures in India.
  2. The chief election commissioner hold the office for 4 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect.  The constitution of India provides for an election commission for the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for the conduct of elections in the Parliament, state legislatures, office of president as well as the vice-president of India.  The chief election commissioner hold office for 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.           

https://eci.gov.in/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1.  The sale of live wild mammals has been banned in the world food markets by WHO, in order to prevent the emergence of new diseases such as COVID-19.
  2. Animals, particularly wild animals, are the source of more than 70% of all emerging infectious diseases in humans, many of which are caused by novel viruses. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                    

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The World Health Organization called for a halt to the sale of live wild mammals in food markets to prevent the emergence of new diseases such as COVID-19. But it has not been banned yet.

Statement 2 is correct. Animals, particularly wild animals, are the source of more than 70% of all emerging infectious diseases in humans, many of which are caused by novel viruses. 

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/who-urges-halt-on-sale-of-live-wild-mammals-in-markets/article34313443.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. In Assam, the species’ stronghold, rhinos are found in only three protected areas, Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary and Orang National Park.
  2. The objective of the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 program is to build a 3,000-strong wild population of Greater one-horned rhinos by 2020, spread across seven sites in the state of Assam.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. In Assam, the species’ stronghold, rhinos were found in only three protected areas, Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary and Orang National Park.

Statement 2 is correct. The objective of the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 program is to build a 3,000-strong wild population of Greater one-horned rhinos by 2020, spread across seven sites in the state of Assam.     

https://www.savetherhino.org/asia/2020-vision-conserving-greater-one-horned-rhinos/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Makar Sankranti is the first major Hindu festival which is celebrated with different names in different states.
  2. Magh Bihu is one of the most important cultural festivals of Nagaland.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. Makar Sankranti is the first major Hindu festival which is celebrated with different names in different states.

Statement 2 is incorrect. In Assam, Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the form of Magh Bihu. Magh Bihu is one of the most important cultural festivals of Assam. The festival marks the end of the harvesting season in the region. The Magh Bihu celebrations start on the last day of the month of 'pooh' in the Assamese calendar and the celebrations continue for about a week.

https://www.indiatoday.in/information/story/magh-bihu-2021-date-significance-celebrations-and-all-you-need-to-know-1757400-2021-01-09

Q6. Recently, Tropical cyclone Seroja has hit the coast of which one of the following countries?

(a) Sri Lanka       

(b) USA

(c) Somalia    

(d) Australia      

Option D is correct. Tropical cyclone Seroja has ripped across a 1,000km (621-mile) stretch of Western Australia, leaving a trail of damage.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-56707977

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. C. Rajagopalachari was the first education minister of India after independence.
  2. University Grants commission (UGC) and All India council for Technical education (AICTE) were among the important boards/commission, set up by the Sardar Patel during his tenure.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. National Education Day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s first education minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was a key educationist who played an important role in developing the education system in independent India. University Grants commission (UGC) and All India council for Technical education (AICTE) were among the important boards/commission, set up by the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad during his tenure.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/national-education-day-why-it-is-celebrated-on-maulana-abul-kalam-azad-s-birth-anniversary/story-tkbupNRau5ADT9rTvCODWO.html

Q8. Which of the following is/are the significance of Thirty Meter Telescope, which is being developed?

  1. To explore the mysterious period in the life of the universe when the first stars and galaxies were formed.
  2.  To detect and investigate black holes. 

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only                           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct. The Thirty Meter Telescope is a new class of extremely large telescopes that will allow us to see deeper into space and observe cosmic objects with unprecedented sensitivity. All of the given objectives can be served with it.

https://www.tmt.org/page/about#what-is-tmt

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)     

3-(b)

4-(b)

5-(a)

6-(d)

7-(d)

8-(c)