Q1. ‘State of World Population Report’ is an annual publication of which one of the following institutions?

(a) United Nations Population Fund       

(b) World Economic Forum         

(c) United Nations Development Programme

(d) World Bank

Option A is correct. ‘State of World Population Report’ is an annual publication of United Nations Population Fund.                       

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/unfpas-population-report-launched/article34329822.ece

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Overseas Citizenship of India Scheme was introduced by amending the Citizenship Act, 1955 very recently.
  2. OCI card does not confer political rights.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme was introduced by amending the Citizenship Act, 1955 in August 2005. The Scheme was launched during the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas convention 2006 at Hyderabad. 

Statement 2 is correct. OCI is not to be misconstrued as 'dual citizenship'. OCI does not confer political rights. The registered Overseas Citizens of India shall not be entitled to the rights conferred on a citizen of India under article 16 of the Constitution with regard to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

https://www.mea.gov.in/overseas-citizenship-of-india-scheme.htm

Q3. With reference to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), consider the following statements:

  1. It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.
  2. Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2   

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).

https://www.icj-cij.org/en/court

Q4. With reference to the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), consider the following statements:

  1. All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers are the beneficiaries under the scheme, provided they belong to the BPL category.
  2. It is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in all the districts of the country, in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect.  Beneficiaries includes all Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers, excluding PW&LM who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.

Statement 2 is correct. It is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in all the districts of the country, in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.                  

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/women-and-child-development/women-development-1/pradhan-mantri-matru-vandana-yojana

Q5. With reference to the Office of Profit, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. An office of profit has been interpreted to be a position that brings to the office-holder some financial gain or benefit and the amount of such profit is immaterial.
  2. No article of the Indian constitution directly deals with the office of profit.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. An office of profit has been interpreted to be a position that brings to the office-holder some financial gain or benefit and the amount of such profit is immaterial.      

Statement 2 is incorrect. Under the provisions of Article 102 and Article 191 of the Constitution, an MP or an MLA is barred from holding any office of profit under the central or state government.                              

https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/explained-law-holding-%E2%80%98office-profit%E2%80%99

Q6. With reference to the National Green Tribunal, consider the following statements:

  1. The Tribunal is headed by the Chairperson and not more than two permanent members.
  2. The Tribunal’s orders are not enforceable.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The National Green Tribunal, established in 2010, as per the National Green Tribunal Act is a specialised judicial body equipped with expertise solely for the purpose of adjudicating environmental cases in the country. The Tribunal is headed by the Chairperson and has at least ten but not more than twenty judicial members as well as expert members. The Tribunal’s orders are enforceable, as the powers vested are the same as in a civil court.   

https://greentribunal.gov.in/faqs

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI): 

  1. It is a multi-stakeholder global partnership of national governments, UN agencies and programmes, multilateral development banks and financing mechanisms and academic institutions.
  2. It is beneficial for the countries that are in proximity to the Pacific ring of fire and faces frequent disasters.                    

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) is a multi-stakeholder global partnership of national governments, UN agencies and programmes, multilateral development banks and financing mechanisms, the private sector, and academic and knowledge institutions. It aims to address the challenges of building resilience into infrastructure systems and development associated with it. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. It is beneficial for the countries that are in the early stages of infrastructure development, the Coalition provides access to good practices to develop appropriate standards as well as regulatory mechanisms to manage infrastructure development in a manner that fosters resilience.               

https://www.cdri.world/coalition-for-disaster-resilient-infrastructure.php

Q8. ‘West Bank’ is a territory, often seen in the news, and located along the coast of

(a) Aegean Sea

(b) Mediterranean Sea

(c) Black Sea

(d) Dead Sea

Option D is correct. West Bank’ is a territory, often seen in the news, located along the coast of Dead Sea.

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(a)

6-(d)

7-(a)

8-(d)