Q1. Which one of the following best describes the aim of the “Green India Mission” of the government of India?

  1. Protecting, restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change.
  2. To increase green cover to the extent of 5 million hectares and improve quality of existing green cover on another 5 mha.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Green India Mission, aimed at protecting, restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change. The objective of the mission is to increase green cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of existing green cover on another 5 mha, improve eco-system services like carbon sequestration, hydrological services and biodiversity and provisioning services like fuel, fodder, and timber and non-timber forest produces (NTFPs). It also has to increase forest-based livelihood income for about 3 million households.

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/forests/green-india-mission-grossly-underfunded-parliament-panel-63291

Q2. ‘Net metering’, sometimes seen in news, is aimed at

(a) Allowing customers who generate their own electricity from solar power to sell the electricity they aren't using back into the grid.              

(b) Using piped natural gas in kitchens of household.     

(c) Installation of CNG kits in vehicles.   

(d) None of the above.

Option A is correct. Net metering allows residential and commercial customers who generate their own electricity from solar power to sell the electricity they aren't using back into the grid.

https://www.seia.org/initiatives/net-metering

Q3. Banjaras during the medieval period of Indian history were generally

(a) Weavers      

(b) Traders         

(c) Warriors       

(d) Farmers

Option B is correct. The Banjaras were the most important trader- nomads. Their caravan was called tanda. Sultan Alauddin Khalji used the Banjaras to transport grain to the city markets. Emperor Jahangir wrote in his memoirs that the Banjaras carried grain on their bullocks from different areas and sold it in towns.

https://ncert.nic.in/ncerts/l/gess107.pdf

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the Gram Nyayalayas Act, enacted by the government of India:

  1. It is a parliamentary legislation enacted for the institutionalization of village courts or gram nyayalayas across the length and breadth of the country for speedy and better accessibility of the judicial system to the rural population.
  2. The State governments have been vested with the authority of setting up one or more nyayalayas, after proper consultation with the respective High Court.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Gram Nyayalayas Act is a parliamentary legislation enacted for the institutionalization of village courts or gram nyayalayas across the length and breadth of the country for speedy and better accessibility of the judicial system to the rural population. The State governments have been vested with the authority of setting up one or more nyayalayas, after proper consultation with the respective High Court, in every Panchayat at the intermediate level or group of adjacent Panchayats at the intermediate level of a district.

https://blog.ipleaders.in/study-gram-nyayalayas-act-2008/

Q5. What is/are unique about the Kharai camels, a breed found in India?

  1. They are known to feed on temperate grasslands.
  2. These are probably the only non-domesticated breed of camel that lives in dual ecosystems. 

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect.  Kharai camel breeders follow the natural grazing pattern of the camels, which varies seasonally. In fact, the breeders do not build a permanent shelter for these camels because the latter are always on the move. The monsoon sees the Kharai camels stay on the mangrove islands for 2-3 months, as rain water is available during this period to quench their thirst. During the summer and winter seasons, the camels stay on the saline islands for three to four days at a time before they return to land to drink fresh water. These are probably the only domesticated breed of camel that lives in dual ecosystems. 

https://weather.com/en-IN/india/science/news/2018-05-27-kutch-kharai-camel-remarkable#:~:text=Recognised%20as%20a%20separate%20breed,recognised%20camel%20breed%20of%20India.

https://www.thehindu.com/children/swimming-camels/article31038076.ece

Q6. Which one of the following is the best description of ‘INS Utkrosh’, that was in news recently?

(a) Nuclear-powered warship   

(b) Indian Air Naval Station at Andaman and Nicobar islands       

(c) Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier                       

(d) Naval Air Station under joint services New Delhi

Option B is correct. NS Utkrosh is located Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and was commissioned on 11 May 1985. This station operates the Do-228 maritime patrol aircraft and a SAR (Search & Rescue) flight of HAL Chetak helicopters

http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NAVY/Aviation/Stations/72-INS-Utkrosh.html

Q7. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Himalayan brown bear occupies the higher reaches of the Himalayas in mountainous areas of India only and is extremely rare.
  2. According to a study carried out in the western Himalayas by scientists of Zoological Survey of India, a massive increase of the bear’s habitat has been predicted, by the year 2050.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Himalayan brown bear occupies the higher reaches of the Himalayas in mountainous areas of Pakistan and India, in small and isolated populations, and is extremely rare. According to a study carried out in the western Himalayas by scientists of Zoological Survey of India, a massive decline of the bear’s habitat has been predicted, by the year 2050.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/study-predicts-massive-habitat-decline-for-the-himalayan-brown-bear-by-2050-due-to-climate-change/article32935974.ece

Q8. Chatar festival, which is usually marked by the sacrifice of thousands of animals and birds, is celebrated in which one of the following states of India?

(a) Odisha

(b) Uttarakhand

(c) Maharashtra

(d) Bihar

Option A is correct. Chatar festival, which is usually marked by the sacrifice of thousands of animals and birds, for propitiating Goddess Manikeswari, is celebrated in Odisha.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/animals-spared-of-sacrifice-in-pandemic-hit-odisha/article32936709.ece

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(d)

8-(a)