Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. India has committed to 40% of electricity capacity being from non-fossil fuels by 2030, and lowering the ratio of emissions to GDP by one-third from 2005 levels.
  2. Carbon pricing is a market-based strategy for lowering global warming emissions by putting a price on carbon emissions.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Both statements are correct. India has committed to 40% of electricity capacity being from non-fossil fuels by 2030, and lowering the ratio of emissions to GDP by one-third from 2005 levels. Carbon pricing is a market-based strategy for lowering global warming emissions by putting a price on carbon emissions.

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-benefits-of-a-carbon-tax/article32709677.ece

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholders:

  1. If a person has obtained registration as OCI cardholder after attaining the age of 20 years, there is no requirement of re-issue of OCI card.
  2. It helps foreigners of Indian origin for hassle-free entry and unlimited stay in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. If a person has obtained registration as OCI cardholder after attaining the age of 20 years, there will be no requirement of re-issue of OCI card. But at present, it is not so.

Statement 2 is correct. It helps foreigners of Indian origin for hassle-free entry and unlimited stay in India.                         

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/government-eases-rules-for-oci-card-holders/articleshow/82087693.cms

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Human Genome Project is a publicly funded project initiated in 1990s with the objective of determining the DNA sequence of the entire euchromatic human genome within 15 years.
  2. A genome is an organism's complete set of DNA, a chemical compound that contains the genetic instructions needed to develop and direct the activities of every organism. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Human Genome Project is a publicly funded project initiated in 1990s with the objective of determining the DNA sequence of the entire euchromatic human genome within 15 years. A genome is an organism's complete set of DNA, a chemical compound that contains the genetic instructions needed to develop and direct the activities of every organism. 

https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/dna-sequencing-technologies-key-to-the-human-828/

Q4. ‘S-400 SAM’, sometimes seen in news, is a/an

(a) Nuclear-powered submarine              

(b) Long range ballistic missile

(c) Nuclear-powered Torpedo

(d) Air defence missile system

Option D is correct. The S-400 Triumph is an air defence missile system developed by Almaz Central Design Bureau of Russia.

https://www.financialexpress.com/defence/india-to-get-worlds-best-air-defence-system-s-400-from-russia-check-details/2234332/

Q5. With reference to the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a collateral free loan guarantee scheme, announced as a part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat package.
  2. The tenor of loans granted under the scheme is 10 years including moratorium period of 2 years.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS), is a collateral free loan guarantee scheme, announced as a part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat package.             

Statement 2 is incorrect. The tenor of loans granted under the scheme will be 6 years including moratorium period of 2 years.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/govt-extends-emergency-credit-line-guarantee-scheme-to-june-30-121033100835_1.html#:~:text=Govt%20extends%20Emergency%20Credit%20Line%20Guarantee%20Scheme%20to%20June%2030,-Nikunj%20Ohri%20%7C%20New&text=The%20government%20has%20extended%20the,against%2020%20per%20cent%20earlier.

Q6. With reference to the causes of bird flu, consider the following statements:

  1. Bird flu occurs only by human activities in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. 
  2. Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. 

Statement 2 is correct. Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bird-flu/symptoms-causes/syc-20368455#:~:text=Bird%20flu%20occurs%20naturally%20in,its%20nose%2C%20mouth%20or%20eyes.

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is India’s only neutral internet exchange.
  2. It is a not for profit Organization under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is India’s first and only neutral internet exchange.

Statement 2 is correct. NIXI is a not for profit Organization under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013.

https://www.meity.gov.in/content/nixi

Q8. With reference to the Bureau of Indian Standards, consider the following statements:

  1. BIS is a statutory body of India, established for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods.
  2. BIS hallmark is used on the metal as well as non-metal articles, as a guarantee of purity or fineness.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. BIS is a statutory body of India, established under the BIS act, 1986, for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods.       

Statement 2 is incorrect. BIS hallmark is used on the precious metal articles, as a guarantee of purity or fineness.

https://bis.gov.in/index.php/career-opportunities/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(a)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(a)