Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Carbon capture, utilization and sequestration is a process that captures carbon dioxide emissions from sources like coal-fired power plants and either reuses or stores it so it will not enter the atmosphere.
  2. Carbon dioxide storage in geologic formations includes oiland gas reservoirs, unmineable coal seams and deep saline reservoirs structures.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Carbon capture, utilization and sequestration is a process that captures carbon dioxide emissions from sources like coal-fired power plants and either reuses or stores it so it will not enter the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide storage in geologic formations includes oil and gas reservoirs, unmineable coal seams and deep saline reservoirs structures that have stored crude oil, natural gas, brine and carbon dioxide over millions of years.                

https://www.energy.gov/carbon-capture-utilization-storage#:~:text=Carbon%20capture%2C%20utilization%20and%20storage,will%20not%20enter%20the%20atmosphere.

Q2. Which of the following is/are the Carbon Geoengineering techniques aimed to remove carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere?

  1. Bio-energy with carbon capture and sequestration
  2. Ocean Fertilisation
  3. Enhanced Weathering

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option D is correct. Some proposed Carbon Geoengineering techniques include:

  • Afforestation:  Engaging in a global-scale tree planting effort.
  • 'Charring' biomass and burying it so that its carbon is locked up in the soil.
  • Bio-energy with carbon capture and sequestration.  Growing biomass, burning it to create energy and capturing and sequestering the carbon dioxide created in the process.
  • Ambient Air Capture.  Building large machines that can remove carbon dioxide directly from ambient air and store it elsewhere.
  • Ocean Fertilisation.  Adding nutrients to the ocean in selected locations to increase primary production which draws down carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
  • Enhanced Weathering.  Exposing large quantities of minerals that will react with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and storing the resulting compound in the ocean or soil.
  • Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement.  Grinding up, dispersing, and dissolving rocks such as limestone, silicates, or calcium hydroxide in the ocean to increase its ability to store carbon and directly ameliorate ocean acidification.

 http://www.geoengineering.ox.ac.uk/www.geoengineering.ox.ac.uk/what-is-geoengineering/what-is-geoengineering/

Q3. Which one of the following groups of countries borders the West Asian country of Syria?

(a) Iraq, Israel, Turkey, Jordan   

(b) Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan            

(c) Turkey, Jordan, Georgia, Russia                         

(d) Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Jordan

Option B is correct.

Q4. With reference to the group of temples of Khajuraho, consider the following statements:

  1. The group of temples of Khajuraho testifies to the culmination of northern Indian temple art and architecture of the Chandella dynasty who ruled the region in the 10th and 11th centuries CE.
  2. The main halls of the temples were often accompanied by lateral transepts with projecting windows as well as a circumambulatory path around the sanctum.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The group of temples of Khajuraho testifies to the culmination of northern Indian temple art and architecture of the Chandella dynasty who ruled the region in the 10th and 11th centuries CE. The main halls of the temples were often accompanied by lateral transepts with projecting windows as well as a circumambulatory path around the sanctum.       

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/240/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. An Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC) is a specialized financial institution that buys the bad assets from banks and financial institutions so that the latter can clean up their balance sheets.
  2. Recently P.J Nayak committee has been set up by RBI, in order to review the working of ARCs.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. An Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC) is a specialized financial institution that buys the bad assets from banks and financial institutions so that the latter can clean up their balance sheets.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Recently Sudarshan Sen committee has been set up by RBI, in order to review the working of  ARCs.

https://www.indianeconomy.net/splclassroom/what-are-asset-reconstruction-companies-arcs/#:~:text=An%20Asset%20Reconstruction%20Company%20is,buying%20bad%20loans%20from%20banks.

Q6. With reference to the Startup India Seed Fund Scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme aims to provide financial assistance to startups for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market entry and commercialization.
  2. This would enable the startups to graduate to a level where they will be able to raise investments from angel investors or venture capitalists or seek loans from commercial banks or financial institutions.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The scheme aims to provide financial assistance to startups for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market entry and commercialization. This would enable the startups to graduate to a level where they will be able to raise investments from angel investors or venture capitalists or seek loans from commercial banks or financial institutions.

https://seedfund.startupindia.gov.in/

Q7. Recently, India has signed an agreement on ‘Cities combating plastic entering the marine environment’ with

(a) Japan           

 (b) Germany    

 (c) Bangladesh

 (d) USA

Option B is correct. Recently, India has signed an agreement on ‘Cities combating plastic entering the marine environment’ with Germany.

http://ddnews.gov.in/tags/india-and-germany-sign-agreement-%E2%80%98cities-combating-plastic-entering-marine-environment%E2%80%99#:~:text=the%20marine%20environment'-,India%20and%20Germany%20sign%20agreement%20on%20'Cities%20combating%20plastic%20entering,cooperation%20between%20our%20two%20countries.

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The most commonly used technology used for the desalination is osmosis.
  2. The Minjur Desalination Plant, which is India's first and largest Sea Water Desalination Project, is located in the state of Assam.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. A desalination plant turns salt water into water that is fit to drink. The most commonly used technology used for the process is reverse osmosis where an external pressure is applied to push solvents from an area of high-solute concentration to an area of low-solute concentration through a membrane. The Minjur Desalination Plant, which is India's first and largest Sea Water Desalination Project, is located in the state of Tamil Nadu.

http://www.ivrcl.com/desalinationproject.php

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/mumbai-desalination-plant-7063528/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(a)

6-(c)

7-(b)

8-(d)