Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to the South China Sea?

  1. It is connected by Taiwan Strait with the East China Sea and by Luzon strait with the Philippines Sea.
  2. This Sea holds tremendous strategic importance for its location as it is connecting link between the Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. South China Sea, arm of the western Pacific Ocean that borders the Southeast Asian mainland. It is bounded on the northeast by the Taiwan Strait (by which it is connected to the East China Sea).

Statement 2 is incorrect. This Sea holds tremendous strategic importance for its location as it is connecting link between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

https://www.britannica.com/place/South-China-Sea

Q2. Boao forum, often seen in news, is aimed at

(a) Promoting global cooperation for developing resistance against pandemic diseases.

(b) Promoting regional economic integration and bringing Asian countries even closer to their development goals.

(c) Developing techniques to combat adverse effect of climate change.                

(d) None of the above.

Option B is correct. The 2021 Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) kicked off in Boao, a coastal resort in South China's Hainan Province on Sunday. In the post-COVID19 era, attendees' anticipation for the conference, also the first international forum comprising mostly offline conferences this year, includes not only helping Asian countries shore up confidence in accelerating economic growth, but also taking it as an international exchange forum that has a global impact.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202104/1221380.shtml

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Global Youth Mobilization provides an opportunity for young people to take an active role in the immediate and long-term recovery from the impact of COVID-19. 
  2. United Nations Foundation will fund the work of young people in communities impacted by the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Global Youth Mobilization provides an opportunity for young people to take an active role in the immediate and long-term recovery from the impact of COVID-19. This initiative is led by the world’s six largest youth organizations and supported by the WHO and United Nations Foundation will fund the work of young people in communities impacted by the global COVID-19 pandemic.           

https://www.who.int/news/item/19-04-2021-who-backed-global-youth-mobilization-funds-young-people-s-ideas-to-combat-impact-of-covid-19-pandemic

Q4. With reference to the European Union, consider the following statements:

  1. The European Union is a unique socio-cultural union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. 
  2. The council of European Union is one of three administrative bodies of the European Commission.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. The council of European Union is one of three legislative bodies and together with the European Parliament serves to approve the proposals of European Commission.                     

https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/eu-in-brief_en

Q5. Which of the following ecosystem services is/are provided by the nature to us?

  1. 1. Economic services
  2. Regulating services
  3. Cultural services

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.

https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Understanding-Conservation/Ecosystem-Services#:~:text=Types%20of%20Ecosystem%20Services,regulating%2C%20cultural%20and%20supporting%20services.

Q6. Recently, the Union Cabinet approved ‘Mission Karmayogi’, which is a new capacity-building scheme for the

(a) School teachers

(b) Farmers

(c) MSME workers

(d) Civil servants

Option D is correct. The Union Cabinet recently approved ‘Mission Karmayogi’, a new capacity-building scheme for civil servants aimed at upgrading the post-recruitment training mechanism of the officers and employees at all levels.

https://indianexpress.com/article/what-is/what-is-mission-karmayogi-6580380/

Q7. With reference to the NIDHI initiative, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an initiative of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
  2. It is aimed at nurturing ideas and innovations into successful startups.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Department of Science and Technology (DST) has announced National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI) as an umbrella programme for nurturing ideas and innovations (knowledge-based and technology-driven) into successful startups. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

http://www.nidhi-eir.in/about.php

Q8. .With reference to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), consider the following statements:

  1. Its work is to collect and process crime statistics at the national level and clearing house of information on crime and criminals.
  2. More than 1 lakh Indians youths died by suicide in the year 2019, according to the latest data released by NCRB.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators. Its work is to collect and process crime statistics at the national level and clearing house of information on crime and criminals both at National and International levels.             

More than 1.39 lakh Indians died by suicide in the year 2019, 67 per cent of which were young adults (18-45 years), shows the latest data released by National Crimes Record Bureau (NCRB).

https://ncrb.gov.in/sites/default/files/ncrbFlyer2017.pdf

https://www.indiatoday.in/diu/story/ncrb-report-data-india-young-adults-suicide-2019-india-1717887-2020-09-02

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(b)

8-(c)