Q1. A gene ‘BBX11’, has been identified recently by the Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER). It plays crucial role in

(a) Regulating the levels of protochlorophyllide in plants           

(b) Producing antibodies against COVID-19        

(c) Developing resistance against pests in cereals                           

(d) Regulating the amount of sugar levels in human body

Option A is correct. A gene ‘BBX11’, has been identified recently by the Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER). It plays crucial role in regulating the levels of protochlorophyllide in plants.   

https://www.thehindu.com/news/states/iiser-scientists-identify-the-gene-that-greens-plants/article33420460.ece

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the NCAVES India Forum, 2021, held recently in the country:

  1. It aims to help integrate the concerns of sustainability and conserving the environment for future use while charting the course for economic development.
  2. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Government of India, has taken up several initiatives under the domain of “Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES)”, which can help integrate the concerns of sustainability and conserving the environment for future use while charting the course for economic development.

https://mospi.gov.in/web/mospi/ncaves-india-forum-2021

Q3. With reference to the locust attack on crops in India, consider the following statements:

  1. They mainly attack the rabi crops in India.
  2. They are more likely to breed in Rajasthan than in the Indo-Gangetic plains or Godavari and Cauvery delta.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. They mainly attack the Kharif crop including cotton, wheat and maize, among other crops.

Statement 2 is correct. They are more likely to breed in Rajasthan than in the Indo-Gangetic plains or Godavari and Cauvery delta.                                                                 

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-we-have-a-desert-locust-problem-this-year-6431837/

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. The total mangrove cover in the country is around 5,000sq km, according to the India State of Forest Report, 2019.
  2. The total Forest and Tree Cover rises to around 25 percent of the total geographical area of the Country.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The total mangrove cover in the country is around 5,000sq km, according to the India State of Forest Report, 2019.  The total Forest and Tree Cover rises to around 25 percent of the total geographical area of the Country.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1597987

Q5. With reference to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific. 
  2. APEC's members, which includes India, aims to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. APEC is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific.                                       

Statement 2 is incorrect. APEC's members, which does not includes India, aims to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration.                                

https://www.apec.org/about-us/about-apec

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the Directive principles of state policy (DPSP) provided by the Constitution of India:

  1. DPSPs are incorporated to attain the ultimate ideals of the republic of India.
  2. The non-justiciability of DPSPs has always been a moot point in India legal system. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                       

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. DPSPs are incorporated to attain the ultimate ideals of preamble i.e. Justice, Liberty, Equality and fraternity. 

Statement 2 is correct. The non-justiciability of DPSPs has always been a moot point in India legal system.       

https://blog.ipleaders.in/directive-principles-of-state-policy-dpsp-under-the-indian-constitution/amp/         

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the power of contempt of Supreme Court of India:

  1. Under Article 143 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has been vested with power to punish for contempt of Court including the power to punish for contempt of itself.
  2. In case of contempt, the Court can take action on a petition only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Under Articles 129 and 142 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has been vested with power to punish for contempt of Court including the power to punish for contempt of itself. In case of contempt, the Court may take action Suo motu or on a petition.

https://main.sci.gov.in/jurisdiction

Q8. With reference to the Model Contract Farming Act, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. As per the act, contract farming is to be outside the ambit of APMC Act.
  2. Rights, title ownership or possession could be transferred in the contract farming sponsor etc.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. As per the act, contract farming is to be outside the ambit of APMC Act.

Statement 2 is incorrect. No rights, title ownership or possession would be transferred or vested in the contract farming sponsor etc.

https://vikaspedia.in/agriculture/market-information/model-contract-farming-act-2018

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(a)

6-(b)

7-(d)

8-(a)