Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, often seen in news:

  1. The Universal Declaration exclusively includes civil and political rights, like the right to life, liberty, free speech and privacy.
  2. The Universal Declaration does not directly create legal obligations for countries.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Universal Declaration includes civil and political rights, like the right to life, liberty, free speech and privacy. It also includes economic, social and cultural rights, like the right to social security, health and education.               

Statement 2 is correct. The Universal Declaration is not a treaty, so it does not directly create legal obligations for countries.

https://humanrights.gov.au/our-work/what-universal-declaration-human-rights#:~:text=The%20Universal%20Declaration%20begins%20by,are%20or%20where%20they%20live.

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the concept of Doctrine of Pleasure, with respect to the civil services:

  1. This concept originated in England as the Crown there is regarded as the Executive head and the civil services are part of the Executive. 
  2. The doctrine of pleasure is also followed in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct.  This doctrine originated in England. In England, the Crown is regarded as the Executive head and the civil services are part of the Executive. The doctrine of Pleasure means that the Crown has the power to terminate the services of a civil servant at any time they want without giving any notice of termination to the servant.       

The doctrine of pleasure is also followed in India. Since the President of India is the Executive Head of the Union and he enjoys the same position as the Crown enjoys in England, the President has been vested with the power to remove a civil servant at any time under this doctrine.

https://blog.ipleaders.in/doctrine-of-pleasure/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Previously Federal court constituted under the Government of India Act 1935, was considered to be the apex court of India which was structured during the British rule. 
  2. Article 142 of the Indian constitution states that there shall be a supreme court in India and any decision of the Supreme Court shall be binding upon all the subordinate courts.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Previously Federal court constituted under the Government of India Act 1935, was considered to be the apex court of India which was structured during the British rule.       

Statement 2 is incorrect. Article 124 of the Indian constitution states that there shall be a supreme court in India and any decision of the Supreme Court shall be binding upon all the subordinate courts.                https://blog.ipleaders.in/powers-and-functions-of-the-supreme-court/

Q4. With reference to the freedom of press, consider the following statements:

  1. The World Press Freedom Index is compiled by Economist Intelligence Unit annually. 
  2. India has been ranked in the ‘good’ category, as it is improving day by day in providing freedom to its press.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The World Press Freedom Index is compiled by Reporters Without Borders annually. India has been ranked in the ‘bad’ category, as it has been ranked 142 among 180 countries in this index.

https://rsf.org/en/2021-world-press-freedom-index-journalism-vaccine-against-disinformation-blocked-more-130-countries

Q5. With reference to the banking reforms in India initiated by the first and so far the only governor to be appointed from the Reserve Bank cadre, M Narasimham, consider the following statements:

  1. Narasimham is considered as the father of Indian banking reforms.
  2. The main recommendations of the first Narasimham committee include deregulation of interest rates, setting up of an asset reconstruction fund and abolition of branch licensing policy.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Narasimham is considered as the father of Indian banking reforms. The main recommendations of the first Narasimham committee include deregulation of interest rates, phased reduction in statutory liquidity ratio, setting up of an asset reconstruction fund to take over a portion of the loan portfolio of banks whose recovery has become difficult and abolition of branch licensing policy.                   

https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/former-rbi-governor-m-narasimham-passes-away-6793291.html

Q6. With reference to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, consider the following statements:

  1. It does not consider cannabis in the category of drugs.
  2. Both the central as well as state governments are empowered to appoint officers for the purpose of this act.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. In this Act, “cannabis (hemp)” means— (a) charas, that is, the separated resin, in whatever form, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrated preparation and resin known as hashish oil or liquid hashish; (b) ganja, that is, the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops), by whatever name they may be known or designated; and (c) any mixture, with or without any neutral material, of any of the above forms of cannabis or any drink prepared therefrom; (iv) “cannabis plant” means any plant of the genus cannabis.

Statement 2 is correct. Both the central as well as state governments are empowered to appoint officers for the purpose of this act.                                                                          

https://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/A1985-61.pdf

Q7. Warli painting is a tribal art, mostly done by Adivasi from

(a) North Sahyadri Range in India             

(b) Nilgiris

(c) Chotanagpur plateau

(d) Garhwal himalayas  

Option A is correct. Warli painting is a tribal art mostly done by Adivasi from North Sahyadri Range in India, i.e. in western India . Warli is the name of the largest tribe found on the northern outskirts of Mumbai, in Western India. Despite being in such close proximity of the largest metropolis in India, Warli tribesmen shun all influences of modern urbanization.

https://www.openart.in/history/tales-folk-west-warli-painting/

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Finance Commission is a constitutional body, formed by the President of India to give suggestions on centre-state financial relations.
  2. The income distance criterion has been used by the 14th as well as 15th Finance Commissions of India.   

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Finance Commission is a constitutional body, formed by the President of India to give suggestions on centre-state financial relations.          

Statement 2 is correct. The income distance criterion has been used by the 14th and 15th Finance Commissions.  Under this criterion, states with lower per capita income would be given a higher share to maintain equity among states.          

https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/recommendations-15th-finance-commission-2020-21

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(d)

5-(c)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)