Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), which works to protect the rights of every child:

  1. UNICEF is one of the specialized agencies of United Nations.
  2. It is the world’s largest provider of vaccines and also supports child health and nutrition, provide safe water and sanitation, quality education and skill building to them. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. UNICEF is not among the specialized agencies of United Nations.

Statement 2 is correct. It is the world’s largest provider of vaccines and also supports child health and nutrition, provide safe water and sanitation, quality education and skill building to them.  

https://www.unicef.org/about-unicef

https://www.un.org/en/about-us/un-system

Q2. With reference to the African swine fever, which is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease, consider the following statements:

  1. It affects only feral swine of all ages and is considered as a food safety issue in India.
  2. It has mainly affected the areas of western India so far.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. African swine fever is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease affecting both domestic and feral swine of all ages. ASF is not a threat to human health and cannot be transmitted from pigs to humans. It is not a food safety issue.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It has mainly affected the areas of north-eastern India so far.

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/swine-disease-information/african-swine-fever/seminar#:~:text=African%20swine%20fever%20is%20a,particularly%20in%20sub%2DSaharan%20Africa.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an intergovernmental body established jointly by the UN’s FAO and the WHO, within the framework of the Joint Food Standards Programme to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade.
  2. The 5th Session of Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs has been hosted by India recently.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only   

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an intergovernmental body established jointly by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), within the framework of the Joint Food Standards Programme to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. The 5th Session of Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs has been hosted by India recently.           

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1713213

Q4. The “Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover mission”, often seen in news, is part of 

(a) NASA's Mars Exploration Program

 (b) ISRO’s Chandrayaan mission

(c)  European Space Agency’s Mars mission

(d) Beidou's mission Genshin

Option A is correct. NASA's Perseverance rover will look for signs of past life in a region of Mars where the ancient environment is believed to have been favorable.

https://www.nasa.gov/perseverance/

Q5. With reference to the Earth Day, observed every year around the world, consider the following statements:

  1. Every year on April 22, Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.
  2. The event was triggered by Santa Barbara oil spill that took place in USA.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only    

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Every year on April 22, Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970. The event was triggered by Santa Barbara oil spill that took place in USA.

https://www.earthday.org/history/

Q6. The Justice BN Srikrishna committee, often seen in news, was formed to give its recommendations on

(a) Data protection         

 (b) Reforms in criminal justice system  

 (c) Improving healthcare system             

 (d) Reforming higher education sector

Option A is correct. The Justice BN Srikrishna committee submitted its report on data protection, Titled, “A Free and Fair Digital Economy – Protecting Privacy, Empowering Indians”.

 https://www.thequint.com/news/india/key-highlights-from-srikrishna-committee-report-on-data-protection

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the Index of Industrial Production data, compiled by the government of India:

  1. The IIP number measures the industrial production for usually a month.
  2. IIP data is compiled and published by CSO, which operates under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The IIP number measures the industrial production for the period under review, usually a month, as against the reference period.  IIP data is compiled and published by CSO every month, which operates under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

https://www.financialexpress.com/what-is/index-of-industrial-production-iip-meaning/1616261/

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, is the first UN treaty to be named after India.
  2. India signed the convention in 2019, but is yet to ratify.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, is the first UN treaty to be named after Singapore. The Singapore Convention on Mediation came into force recently and will provide a more effective way for enforcing mediated settlements of corporate disputes involving businesses in India and other countries that are signatories to the Convention.

Statement 2 is correct. India signed the convention in 2019, but is yet to ratify.

https://www.thehindu.com/business/singapore-convention-on-mediation-comes-into-force/article32589671.ece

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(a)

7-(c)

8-(b)