Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. When the office of Chief Justice of India is vacant or when the Chief Justice is, unable to perform the duties of his office, the duties of the office shall be performed by such one of the other Judges of the Court as the President may appoint for the purpose.
  2. Article 226 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of acting Chief Justice.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2        

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. When the office of Chief Justice of India is vacant or when the Chief Justice is, by reason of absence or otherwise, unable to perform the duties of his office, the duties of the office shall be performed by such one of the other Judges of the Court as the President may appoint for the purpose.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Article 126 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of acting Chief Justice.

https://www.latestlaws.com/bare-acts/central-acts-rules/coi-article-126-appointment-of-acting-chief-justice/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the trade ministers of India, Japan and Australia launched the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative.
  2. It aims to create a virtuous cycle of enhancing supply chain resilience with a view to eventually attaining strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth in the Indo-pacific region.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2        

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Recently, the trade ministers of India, Japan and Australia launched the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative. It aims to create a virtuous cycle of enhancing supply chain resilience with a view to eventually attaining strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth in the Indo-pacific region.  

https://www.livemint.com/news/world/india-japan-australia-launch-supply-chain-initiative-to-counter-china-11619532624451.html

Q3. With reference to the trend in global military expenditure, consider the following statements:

  1. The report on the global military expenditure is published annually by the World Trade Organization.
  2. India is among the five biggest spenders in 2020, according to the report.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2        

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.                                      

Statement 1 is incorrect. The report on the global military expenditure is published annually by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Statement 2 is correct. The five biggest spenders in 2020, which together accounted for 62 per cent of global military expenditure, were the United States, China, India, Russia and the United Kingdom. Military spending by China grew for the 26th consecutive year.         

https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2021/world-military-spending-rises-almost-2-trillion-2020

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare under its flagship scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna has launched a unique quick certification programme “Large Area Certification” to harness the potential areas.
  2. The Government of India has certified such area under Car Nicobar and Nancowry group of islands in UT of A&N Islands, which has become the first large contiguous territory to be conferred with organic certification under the Large Area Certification scheme.                    

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2        

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Both statements are correct. Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare under its flagship scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna has launched a unique quick certification programme “Large Area Certification” to harness these potential areas. The Government of India has certified such area under Car Nicobar and Nancowry group of islands in UT of A&N Islands, which has become the first large contiguous territory to be conferred with organic certification under the Large Area Certification scheme.                             

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1714281#:~:text=Department%20of%20Agriculture%20and%20Farmers,to%20harness%20these%20potential%20areas.&text=On%20successful%20completion%2C%20such%20farms,organic%20after%202%2D3%20years.

Q5. Project ‘Pyrasol’, seen recently in the news, has been launched in the country, with which one of the following objectives?

(a) To purify the impure air         

(b) To improve the fertility of the soil organically

(c) For the rejuvenation of ground water                             

(d) To transform urban organic waste into biochar and energy   

Option D is correct. The foundation stone of the Integrated Solar Dryer and Pyrolysis pilot was laid by  Director, CSIR- Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai on the occasion of 74th foundation day of CLRI. The pilot is part of the Indo-German project ‘Pyrasol’ launched to transform urban organic waste into biochar and energy in smart cities. It was awarded to CSIR-CLRI by the Indo-German Science & Technology Centre.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1714426

Q6. With reference to the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes all across the world.  
  2. It facilitates only Sovereign-Backed types of financing.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only       

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. It facilitates both Sovereign-Backed as well as Nonsovereign-Backed types of financing.

https://www.aiib.org/en/index.html

https://www.aiib.org/en/general/faq/index.html

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. It has been accorded the status of ‘Wetland of International Importance’ under the Ramsar Convention. 
  2. It comprises hundreds of islands and a network of rivers, in the delta of the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. 
  3. It is also a UNESCO world heritage site.

Which of one of the following sites has been mentioned above?

(a) Bhitarkanika Wildlife sanctuary

 (b) Indian Sundarbans

 (c) Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve

 (d) Kaziranga national park

Option B is correct. Indian Sundarbans has been accorded the status of ‘Wetland of International Importance’ under the Ramsar Convention. It comprises hundreds of islands and a network of rivers, tributaries and creeks in the delta of the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. It is also a UNESCO world heritage site and home to a large number of rare and globally threatened species.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/protecting-the-sundarban-wetlands/article26482707.ece

Q8. Mission ‘Sagar’, recently seen in the news, has been launched by the government for which one of the following objectives?

 (a) To provide maritime security in the Indo-Pacific region.

(b) To bring back the Indians stranded during lockdown via sea route.

(c) For ensuring security in the Indian Ocean Region.

(d) To provide necessary COVID related items to the island countries in the Indian Ocean.

Option D is correct. India launched Mission Sagar, as part of the government’s outreach initiative towards five Island nations in the Indian Ocean amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2020/may/11/india-launches-mission-sagar-to-assist-island-nations-in-eastern-indian-ocean-2141684.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(a)

7-(b)

8-(d)