Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the President’s rule in Indian context:

  1. Article 356 of the Constitution of India empowers the President to withdraw from the Union the executive and legislative powers of any state, if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
  2. No president’s rule had been imposed during the prime ministership of Jawaharlal Nehru.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Article 356 of the Constitution of India empowers the President to withdraw from the Union the executive and legislative powers of any state, if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The president’s rule had been imposed 8 times during the prime ministership of Jawaharlal Nehru.                            

https://indianexpress.com/article/what-is/what-is-article-356-presidents-rule-imposition-5838367/

https://www.livemint.com/Politics/SJ3mETZ7H1cjKNlodkcM8O/How-Presidents-Rule-in-India-has-been-imposed-over-the-year.html

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Drug ‘Remdesivir’, an injectable drug used for COVID-19 treatment, has also been included in the list of scheduled drugs in India.
  2. Both the Drugs Control Act as well as Drugs and Cosmetics Act enable the central government to issue a notification to fix rates of essential drugs during an epidemic.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Drug ‘Remdesivir’ has not been included in the list of scheduled drugs in India so far.  

Statement 2 is correct. Both the Drugs Control Act as well as Drugs and Cosmetics Act enable the central government to issue a notification to fix rates of essential drugs during an epidemic.

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/how-to-check-remdesivir-availability-anywhere-in-india-for-covid-19-treatment-2414511

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Legal Metrology Act, 2009 aims to establish and enforce standards of weights and measures, regulate trade and commerce in weights, measures and other goods which are sold or distributed by weight, measure or number.
  2. The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 makes it mandatory to get the approvals prior to the import of medical devices in the country.               

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Legal Metrology Act, 2009 aims to establish and enforce standards of weights and measures, regulate trade and commerce in weights, measures and other goods which are sold or distributed by weight, measure or number. The Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 makes it mandatory to get the approvals prior to the import of medical devices in the country.    

https://legalmetrology.assam.gov.in/portlets/act-rules

Q4. With reference to the Central Banks and Supervisors Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS), consider the following statements:

  1. The NGFS is a group of Central banks and supervisors willing to share the best practices and contribute to the development of the environment and climate risk management in the financial sector, while mobilising mainstream finance to support the transition towards a sustainable economy. 
  2. Recently, the Reserve Bank of India has joined the NGFS as a Member.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The NGFS is a group of Central banks and supervisors willing to share the best practices and contribute to the development of the environment and climate risk management in the financial sector, while mobilising mainstream finance to support the transition towards a sustainable economy. Recently, the Reserve Bank of India has joined the NGFS as a Member.

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/policy/rbi-joins-network-for-greening-the-financial-system/article34443859.ece

Q5. With reference to the Global Forest Goals Report 2021, released recently, consider the following statements:

  1. It is the first evaluation of where the world stands in implementing the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests 2030, providing a snapshot of actions being taken for forests, while stressing that it is necessary to meet the 2030 deadline in the Plan.
  2. According to the report, the global forest area is reducing since last decade.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Global Forest Goals Report 2021 is the first evaluation of where the world stands in implementing the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests 2030, providing a snapshot of actions being taken for forests, while stressing that it is necessary to meet the 2030 deadline in the Plan.                            

Statement 2 is incorrect. The report finds that while the world had been making progress in key areas such as increasing global forest area through afforestation and restoration, these advances are also under threat from the worsening state of our natural environment.

https://www.un.org/esa/forests/outreach/global-forests-goal-report-2021/index.html            

Q6. With reference to the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site, consider the following statements:

  1. Keoladeo National Park is the first and only “Mixed World Heritage Site” on UNESCO World Heritage List, from India.
  2. The primary impetusfor the adoption of the World Heritage Convention was the construction of the Aswan High Dam

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Khangchendzonga National Park is the first and only “Mixed World Heritage Site” on UNESCO World Heritage List, from India.

Statement 2 is correct. The primary impetus for the adoption of the World Heritage Convention was the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=147212

https://www.britannica.com/topic/World-Heritage-site

Q7. With reference to the actions taken by RBI to manage liquidity in the Indian economy, consider the following statements:

  1. It has recently adopted a new liquidity management framework, in which there would be no fixed daily liquidity injection operations, but the central bank would act whenever the banking system requires money.
  2. Instruments of liquidity management includes rate repo auctions, reverse repo auctions, open market operations, forex swaps among others.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. RBI has recently adopted a new liquidity management framework, in which there would be no fixed daily liquidity injection operations, but the central bank would act whenever the banking system requires money.

Statement 2 is correct. Instruments of liquidity management includes rate repo auctions, reverse repo auctions, open market operations, forex swaps among others.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/monetary-policy-review-rbi-adopts-a-new-liquidity-management-framework-120020601929_1.html

Q8. ‘Voyager mission’, often seen in the news, was launched by NASA for which of the following purposes?

(a) To study about the atmosphere beyond exosphere

 (b) To explore the outer layer of Mars.

(c) To study Sun’s corona

(d) To extend the exploration of objects beyond the outer limits of the Sun's sphere of influence.

Option D is correct. The mission objective of the Voyager Interstellar Mission (VIM) is to extend the NASA exploration of the solar system beyond the neighborhood of the outer planets to the outer limits of the Sun's sphere of influence, and possibly beyond.

https://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(c)

5-(a)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(d)