Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Due to the significant melting of glaciers because of global temperature rise, our planet’s axis of rotation has been moving more than usual since the 1990s.
  2. The points on which the axis intersects the planet’s surface are the geographical north and south poles.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Due to the significant melting of glaciers because of global temperature rise, our planet’s axis of rotation has been moving more than usual since the 1990s. The points on which the axis intersects the planet’s surface are the geographical north and south poles.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-new-research-says-about-climate-change-causing-a-shift-in-earths-axis-7299258/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 136 of the Indian Constitution, allows the Supreme Court as well as the high court to grant special leave to appeal against any judgment or order, made by any court or tribunal in the country. 
  2. The Special Leave Petition shall also apply to any judgment or order handed down by any court or tribunal involving the armed forces.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Article 136 of the Indian Constitution, allows the Supreme Court to grant special leave to appeal against any judgment or order in any matter or case, made by any court or tribunal in the country. The Special Leave Petition shall not apply to any judgment or order handed down by any court or tribunal involving the armed forces. This is the only exclusion as is given in the clause 2 of Article 136.

https://blog.ipleaders.in/special-leave-petition/

Q3. With reference to the scheme for Special Assistance to States for Capital Expenditure, launched recently by the government of India, consider the following statements:

  1. It only covers the states located in hilly as well as backward areas.
  2. The Scheme is aimed at boosting capital expenditure of the selected State Governments.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Scheme has three parts.  Part –I of the scheme covers the north-eastern region.  Under this part, Rs.200 crores is allocated to 7 north-eastern States (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura).  

Part-II of the Scheme is, for all other States not included in Part-I.An amount of Rs.7,500 crores is earmarked for this part. 

Part-III of the Scheme is aimed at pushing various citizen-centric reforms in the States.  Under this Part, an amount of Rs.2000 crores is earmarked.  This amount will be available only to those States who carry out at least 3 out of the 4 reforms specified by the Ministry of Finance.

Statement 2 is correct. The Scheme is aimed at boosting capital expenditure by the State Governments who are facing difficult financial environment this year due to the shortfall in tax revenue arising from the COVID 19 pandemic.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1680145

Q4. The United States has recently cleared the potential sale of six additional ‘P-8I’ for India, which is a/an

(a) Maritime patrol aircraft         

 (b) Semi-Automatic Pistol          

 (c) Short-Range Ballistic Missile

 (d) Anti-Tank Guided Missile

Option A is correct. The United States has recently cleared the potential sale of six additional ‘P-8I’ for India, which is a Maritime patrol aircraft.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/us-clears-sale-of-six-more-p-8i-aircraft-for-india-101619879874012.html

Q5. ‘Vorukh’, a jamoat, which is a disputed area between

(a) Two European Countries      

 (b) Two Indian states

 (c) Two African Countries           

 (d) Two Central Asian Countries

Option D is correct. Legally, Vorukh is part of Tajikistan, but due to past redrawing of borders, it exists as an exclave some 20 kilometers inside Kyrgyzstan.

https://www.rferl.org/a/kyrgyzstan-tajikistan-exclaves-vorukh-tensions/25232311.html

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Direct seeding of rice involves sowing pre-germinated seed into a puddled soil surface, standing water or into a prepared seedbed. 
  2. It is a non-mechanized method of agriculture.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Direct seeding of rice involves sowing pre-germinated seed into a puddled soil surface, standing water or into a prepared seedbed.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It is a highly mechanized method of agriculture.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198710001960#:~:text=Direct%20seeded%20rice%20(DSR)%20has,prepared%20seedbed%20(dry%20seeding).

Q7. Terms like ‘Z-shaped recovery’, L-shaped recovery’ and ‘W-shaped recovery’, sometimes seen in the news, refers to the

(a) Levels of threat to the environment species

(b) Types of Diabetic recovery

(c) Types of Economic recovery

(d) Graph showing pollution levels

Option C is correct. Terms like ‘Z-shaped recovery’, L-shaped recovery’ and ‘W-shaped recovery’, sometimes seen in the news, refers to the types of Economic recoveries.

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/columns/slate/all-you-wanted-to-know-about-the-shapes-of-economic-recovery/article31724259.ece

 Q8. With reference to the forex exchange reserves in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Forex reserves are the external assets held and controlled only by the Central bank in India (RBI).
  2. The level of foreign exchange reserves has steadily increased since 1990s to the current level.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Forex reserves are the external assets held and controlled only by the Central bank in India (RBI).

Statement 2 is correct. The level of foreign exchange reserves has steadily increased by 8,400 per cent from $5.8 billion in  1990s to the current level.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-india-forex-reserves-covid-19-economic-crisis-6448701/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(a)

7-(c)

8-(c)