Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Ebola virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  2. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in India in 1990s.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Ebola virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. EVD first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in what is now Nzara, South Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, DRC. 

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ebola-virus-disease

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Pathogens, bacteria, and viruses are often interchangeably used to refer to microorganisms, a few of which are considered harmful to health.
  2. Chicken Pox, Measles and STD’s are some of the diseases caused by viruses.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Pathogens, bacteria, and viruses are often interchangeably used to refer to microorganisms, a few of which are considered harmful to health. Chicken Pox, Measles and STD’s are some of the diseases caused by viruses.

https://www.servicemastereliteclean.com/what-is-the-difference-between-pathogen-viruses-and-bacteria/#:~:text=Pathogens%20are%20disease%2Dcausing%20microorganisms,viruses%20are%20kinds%20of%20pathogens.

Q3. The ‘principle of non-refoulement’, is often used in context of

(a) Criminals

(b) Refugees     

(c) Citizens

(d) Patients

Option B is correct. The principle of non-refoulement is most often referred to in the context of refugee protection, given its codification in Article 33 of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention) and in regional refugee law instruments

https://reliefweb.int/report/world/principle-non-refoulement-migration-context-5-key-points

Q4. With reference to the Asian Development Bank's (ADB), consider the following statements:

  1. Membership in the ADB is open to developing countries of Asia only.
  2. The ADB only relies on member contributions, retained earnings from lending, and the repayment of loans for the funding of the organization.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Membership in the ADB is open to members and associate members of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, as well as other regional countries and non-regional developed countries that are members of the United Nations or of any of its specialized agencies. The ADB has been responsible for a number of major projects in the region and raises capital regularly through the international bond markets. The ADB also relies on member contributions, retained earnings from lending, and the repayment of loans for the funding of the organization.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/asian-development-bank.asp

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Parker Solar Probe is the first-ever mission to "touch" the Sun. 
  2. It is a historic mission of NASA.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Parker Solar Probe is the first-ever mission to "touch" the Sun. It is a historic mission of NASA.

https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/parker-solar-probe

Q6. Kachin hills, seen recently in news, are located in the northern part of

(a) Myanmar     

(b) India

(c) Nepal       

(d) China

Option A is correct. Kachin hills, seen recently in news, are located in the northern part of Myanmar.

https://www.harvard-yenching.org/research/toshihiro-yoshida-ethnographic-books/

Q7. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. A utility patent prohibits other individuals or companies from making, using, or selling the invention without authorization.
  2. All the member countries of the WTO offer the utility patent protection.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. A utility patent prohibits other individuals or companies from making, using, or selling the invention without authorization. When most people refer to a patent, they are most likely referring to a utility patent.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Not all countries offer the utility patent protection. India is one of them. In India the provision related to utility patent grant is not present.

https://www.iipta.com/utility-patents-position-india/

Q8. Consider the following statements regarding the advantages of retaining the Stubble on the fields:

  1. Leguminous stubble provides for fast release of nitrogen, which helps in optimizing crop production and overcome microbial nitrogen tie-up in soil.
  2. Stubble is approximately 45% carbon by weight and represents a significant input of carbon to soil. Therefore, its retention enhances the sequestration of carbon in to soil. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Leguminous stubbles provide slow release nitrogen, which helps in optimizing crop production and overcome microbial nitrogen tie-up in soil.

Statement 2 is correct. Stubble is approximately 45% carbon by weight and represents a significant input of carbon to soil. Therefore, its retention enhances the sequestration of carbon in to soil. 

http://soilquality.org.au/factsheets/benefits-of-retaining-stubble-nsw

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(c)

6-(a)

7-(a)

8-(b)