Q1. Which one of the following best describes the term ‘Lineament’, sometimes seen in the news?

(a) A linear feature in a landscape that is an expression of an underlying geological structure such as a fault, fracture or joint.    

(b) These are created where two of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together.             

(c) It is a winding curve or bend in a river.            

(d) None of the above.

Option A is correct. A lineament is a linear feature in a landscape that is an expression of an underlying geological structure such as a fault, fracture, or joint. Lineaments are generally referred to in the analysis of remote sensing of fractures or structures.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/structural-properties-geology

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the RBI introduced a tool called long-term repo operation (LTRO) to inject liquidity in the system, as well as to ensure transmission of rates.
  2. LTRO helped RBI ensure that banks reduce their marginal cost of funds-based lending rate, without reducing policy rates.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2           

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Recently, the RBI introduced a tool called long-term repo operation (LTRO) to inject liquidity in the system, as well as to ensure transmission of rates. LTRO helped RBI ensure that banks reduce their marginal cost of funds-based lending rate, without reducing policy rates.                              

https://www.livemint.com/money/personal-finance/how-does-ltro-work-11584464305298.html

Q3. The INSACOG consortium, seen recently in news, is associated with which of the following objectives?

(a) Taking steps for climate resilient infrastructure.

(b) Sequencing genomes of coronavirus samples in different States of India.     

(c) Improving the level of higher education in India.                        

(d) Bringing reforms in the criminal justice system of india.

Option B is correct. INSACOG refers to the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genome Sequencing Consortia. The INSACOG consortium of scientists, spanning 10 labs across the country, and involved in sequencing genomes of coronavirus samples in different States, had been giving regular updates on the threat from new strains to the government, said a senior member of the group.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-scientists-body-insacog-shared-analysis-on-new-strains-with-government-says-member/article34492484.ece

Q4. The ‘Global Innovation Partnership’, often seen in news, was launched with an objective of

(a)  Helping the least developing countries to achieve the targets set under the Sustainable Development Goals.             

(b) Helping MSMEs to develop an open and inclusive e-market place (E-BAAZAR) to sell their products.

(c) Helping the developing countries to bring them at par with developed countries in WTO.                      

(d) Supporting Indian innovators to scale up their innovations in third countries thereby helping them explore new markets and become self sustainable. 

Option D is correct. The ‘Global Innovation Partnership’, often seen in news, was launched with an objective of supporting Indian innovators to scale up their innovations in third countries thereby helping them explore new markets and become self sustainable. 

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1716097

Q5. Consider the following statements:

This national park is nestled in the Shivalik ranges and at the beginning of the vast Indo-Gangetic plains. Vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types like sal forests, reverine forests, board–leaved mixed forests, scrubland and grassy is present here. It is home to many wild animals including Asian Elephants, Tiger and King Cobra, Panther, Bear, Chital, Sambar etc. It is also a tiger reserve and home to the Van Gujjars in winters.

Which one of the following National parks has been mentioned above?

 (a) Valley of Flowers National Park 

 (b) Namdapha National Park

(c) Rajaji National Park

 (d) Khangchendzonga National Park

Option C is correct. Rajaji national park is nestled in the Shivalik ranges and at the beginning of the vast Indo-Gangetic plains. Vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types like sal forests, reverine forests, board–leaved mixed forests, scrubland and grassy is present here. It is home to many wild animals including Asian Elephants, Tiger and King Cobra, Panther, Bear, Chital, Sambar etc. It is also a tiger reserve and home to the Van Gujjars in winters.

https://uttarakhandtourism.gov.in/destination/rajaji-national-park/

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the gold nanoparticles:

  1. Gold nanoparticlescan also be prepared using an eco-friendly approach.
  2. Nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and they can provide tremendous driving force for diffusion, especially at elevated temperatures.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be prepared using an eco-friendly approach in a single step by reduction of HAuCl4 with polyphenols from tea extracts, which act as both reducing and capping agents.

Statement 2 is correct. Nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and they can provide tremendous driving force for diffusion, especially at elevated temperatures.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258660145_Preparation_of_Gold_Nanoparticles_Using_Tea_A_Green_Chemistry_Experiment

https://vigyanprasar.gov.in/isw/Eco-friendly-Synthesis-of-Gold-Nanoparticles-from-Antarctic-Bacteria.html

Q7. With reference to the Central Zoo Authority, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a statuary body established under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. It does not provide any kind of financial assistance to Zoos.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. Central Zoo Authority is a statuary body established under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Its functions include:

 1) to specify the minimum standards

 2) to evaluate and assess the functioning of the zoos

3) to recognise or derecognise zoos;

4) to identify endangered species

5) to release financial assistance to Zoos, among others.

http://tgpg-isb.org/sites/default/files/document/presentations/central-zoo-authority.pdf

Q8. With reference to the United Nations Convention against Torture, consider the following statements:

  1. Each party to the convention is required to make torture, a cognizable offence at national level.
  2. India has signed the convention, but has not ratified it so far. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                  

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Each party to the convention is required to carry out certain steps to prevent the torture and ensure that it is considered a criminal offence.

Statement 2 is correct. India has signed the convention, but has not ratified it so far. 

https://www.prsindia.org/report-summaries/implementation-united-nations-convention-against-torture-0

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(c)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(b)