Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. According to the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, contempt of court can either be civil contempt or criminal ccontempt. 
  2. Criminal contempt means the publication of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which scandalises or lowers the authority of any court or tends to interfere with, the due course of any judicial proceeding.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. According to the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, contempt of court can either be civil contempt or criminal ccontempt.  Criminal contempt means the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representations, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which

  • scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court; or
  • prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with, the due course of any judicial proceeding; or
  • interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner.

https://indianexpress.com/article/what-is/what-is-contempt-of-court-7048008/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. A Returning Officer is responsible for overseeing the election in a constituency, or sometimes in two constituencies.
  2. The EC appoints the Returning Officer and Assistant Returning Officer for a constituency in consultation with the governments of the State or Union Territory as the case may be. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. A Returning Officer is responsible for overseeing the election in a constituency, or sometimes in two constituencies, as directed by the Election Commission. The EC appoints the Returning Officer and Assistant Returning Officer for a constituency in consultation with the governments of the State or Union Territory as the case may be.                        

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/returning-officer/article27050005.ece

Q3. With reference to the Group of Seven (G-7), consider the following statements:

  1. The G-7 is an intergovernmental organization that meets periodically to address international economic and monetary issues.
  2. The European Unionis also among the seven members of this group.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The G-7 is an intergovernmental organization that meets periodically to address international economic and monetary issues.                               

Statement 2 is incorrect. The European Union (EU) is sometimes considered to be a de-facto eighth member of the G-7 since it holds all the rights and responsibilities of full members except to chair or host meetings.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/g/g7.asp

Q4.  Consider the following statements:

  1. The food safety department recently launched the repurpose used cooking oil (Ruco) project, in order to turn used edible oil from the food industry into biodiesel.
  2. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The food safety department recently launched the repurpose used cooking oil (Ruco) project, in order to turn used edible oil from the food industry into biodiesel. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel.              

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/coimbatore/project-to-produce-biodiesel-from-used-cooking-oil/articleshow/73196259.cms

Q5. Consider the following statements regarding the schedule H1 drug under the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945:

  1. The sales of such drugs are directed by the respective state governments and couldn’t be sold without being prescribed by the registered medical practitioner.
  2. Recently, a drug ‘Hydroxychloroquine’, has been listed as schedule H1 drug, which is being used in COVID-19 cases.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The sales of such drugs are directed by the Central government and couldn’t be sold without being prescribed by the registered medical practitioner.

 Statement 2 is correct. Recently, a drug ‘Hydroxychloroquine’, has been listed as schedule H1 drug, which is being used in  COVID-19 cases.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hydroxychloroquine-now-a-schedule-h1-drug/article31178859.ece

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Reduction in the Cash Reserve Ratio
  2. Decrease in Repo Rate
  3. Reduction in Reverse Repo Rate

Which of the above steps are taken by the RBI in India to increase liquidity in the economy?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option D is correct. All the mentioned steps are taken by the RBI in India to increase liquidity in the economy:

  1. Reduction in the Cash Reserve Ratio
  2. Reduction in Repo Rate
  3. Reduction in Reverse Repo Rate

https://www.livemint.com/news/india/steps-taken-by-rbi-will-help-middle-class-businesses-during-lockdown-pm-modi-11585315605489.html

Q7. The ceremony of ‘Arr-Rinam’, a tribal lockdown ritual, conducted recently by a tribal group Galos, in the state of

(a) Assam

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

 (c) Kerala

(d) Rajasthan

Option B is correct. The ceremony of ‘Arr-Rinam’, a tribal lockdown ritual was conducted recently by a tribal group Galos, in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/arunachals-tribes-revive-indigenous-lockdown-rituals/article31186665.ece

Q8. With reference to the Anti-Defection Law in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The origin of this law is based on a political event, occurred in late 1960s in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
  2. A legislator defying (abstaining or voting against) the party whip on any issue, can lose his membership of the House under the law.  

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The origin of this law is based on a political event, that occurred in late 1960s in the state of Haryana.

Statement 2 is correct. A legislator defying (abstaining or voting against) the party whip on any issue, can lose his membership of the House under the law.  

https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/anti-defection-law-explained

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(c)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(b)

8-(b)