Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. Venus is one of just two planets that rotate from east to west, having "backwards" rotation.
  2. Venus is similar in structure but much larger than earth.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Venus is one of just two planets that rotate from east to west, having "backwards" rotation.      

Statement 2 is incorrect. Venus is similar in structure but slightly smaller than earth.

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/venus/in-depth/#:~:text=Venus%20is%20one%20of%20just,a%20whole%20year%20on%20Venus.

Q2. With reference to the differences between the functioning of Supreme Court and High courts of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Supreme Court has superintendence over all law courts and tribunals of the country, whereas the superintendence of high court is confined to a particular state only.
  2. The judges of Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India, whereas the judges of high courts are appointed by the governors of respective states.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Supreme Court has superintendence over all law courts and tribunals of the country. High court has superintendence over all courts under its jurisdiction. The judges of Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India.  The judges of the high court are appointed by the president of India after consulting the Chief Justice of India and governor of the respective state.

https://www.javatpoint.com/supreme-court-vs-high-court#:~:text=Supreme%20Court%20has%20superintendence%20over,by%20the%20President%20of%20India.

Q3. With reference to the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), consider the following statements:

  1. It is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India.
  2. It is an initiative of RBI and Indian Banks’ Association under the provisions of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

    (a) 1 only        

    (b) 2 only

    (c) Both 1 and 2            

    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.   

Both statements are correct.  National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India.  It is an initiative of RBI and Indian Banks’ Association under the provisions of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007, for creating a robust Payment & Settlement Infrastructure in India.                          

https://www.npci.org.in/who-we-are/about-us

Q4.  Consider the following statements with respect to the cryptocurrencies:

  1. A defining feature of cryptocurrencies is that they are generally not issued by any central authority, rendering them theoretically immune to government interference or manipulation.
  2. Blockchains, which are organizational methods for ensuring the integrity of transactional data, are an essential component of many cryptocurrencies.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. A defining feature of cryptocurrencies is that they are generally not issued by any central authority, rendering them theoretically immune to government interference or manipulation. Blockchains, which are organizational methods for ensuring the integrity of transactional data, are an essential component of many cryptocurrencies.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cryptocurrency.asp

Q5. Recently, the United States announced support for waiving intellectual property protection for Covid-19 vaccines. What does the intellectual property waiver for Covid-19 vaccines mean?

(a) It would make the vaccines accessible to those countries, which cannot afford the patented ones.

(b) It might open up space for production of Covid vaccines with emergency use authorisations (EUA). 

(c) It would allow unrestricted trade of such vaccines globally.                   

(d) None of the above.

Option B is correct. The IP waiver might open up space for production of Covid vaccines with emergency use authorisations (EUA) — such as those developed by Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Novavax, Johnson & Johnson and Bharat Biotech — on a larger scale in middle-income countries. 

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-ip-waiver-for-covid-vaccines-7304992/

Q6. With reference to the Patents provided under WTO, consider the following statements:

  1. A patent represents a powerful intellectual property right, and is an exclusive monopoly granted by a government to an inventor for a limited time.
  2. A process patent ensures that the rights to the final product is protected, and anyone other than the patent holder can be restrained from manufacturing it during a specified period, even if they were to use a different process. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2  

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. A patent represents a powerful intellectual property right, and is an exclusive monopoly granted by a government to an inventor for a limited time.

Statement 2 is incorrect. A product patent ensures that the rights to the final product is protected, and anyone other than the patent holder can be restrained from manufacturing it during a specified period, even if they were to use a different process.                                                            

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-ip-waiver-for-covid-vaccines-7304992/

Q7. Dahla Dam, which provides irrigation to farmers via a network of canals as well as drinking water, has been captured by Taliban recently. It is located in

(a) Afghanistan

 (b) Turkey         

 (c) India

 (d) Syria

Option A is correct. Dahla Dam, which provides irrigation to farmers via a network of canals as well as drinking water, has been captured by Taliban recently. It is located in Afghanistan.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/taliban-captures-key-afghan-dam-as-fighting-rages/article34501522.ece

Q8. Which of the following forms part of the Model Code of Conduct, during elections in India?

  1. Public places such as maidens for holding election meetings, and helipads for air-flights in connection with elections, shall be allowed for all the parties equally.
  2. The carrying of effigies purporting to represent member of other political parties and burning such effigies in public, shall not be countenanced by any political party.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both the statements are correct. Public places such as maidens etc., for holding election meetings, and use of helipads for air-flights in connection with elections shall not be monopolized by itself. Other parties and candidates shall be allowed the use of such places and facilities on the same terms and conditions on which they are used by the party in power.

The carrying of effigies purporting to represent member of other political parties and burning such effigies in public, shall not be countenanced by any political party or candidate.

https://eci.gov.in/mcc/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(c)

5-(b)

6-(a)

7-(a)

8-(c)