Q1. With reference to the social stock exchanges, often seen in news,  consider the following statements:

  1. It allows the listing of non-profit or non-government organisations on stock exchanges, providing them with an alternative fund-raising structure.
  2. It may be listed on BSE or NSE.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct.  An SSE allows the listing of non-profit or non-government organisations on stock exchanges, providing them with an alternative fund-raising structure. It may be listed on BSE or NSE. Countries like the UK, Canada and Brazil have SSEs.

https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/markets/explained-what-are-social-stock-exchanges-and-how-they-work-5507931.html

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a disease of human beings, caused by a capripox virus.
  2. It was first reported in Asia and the Pacific region in 2019 in north west China, Bangladesh and India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect.  Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a disease of cattle and buffalo caused by a capripox virus.                                                  

Statement 2 is correct. It was first reported in Asia and the Pacific region in 2019 in north west China, Bangladesh and India.                                  

https://agriculture.vic.gov.au/biosecurity/animal-diseases/beef-and-dairy-cattle/lumpy-skin-disease#:~:text=Lumpy%20skin%20disease%20(LSD)%20is%20a%20disease%20of%20cattle%20and,other%20countries%20in%20the%20Balkans.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

1.Uranium is used to generate about 10% of our electricity worldwide.

  1. The Earth's uranium had been thought to be produced in one or more supernovae over 6 billion years ago but the recent research suggests some uranium is formed in the merger of neutron stars.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

 Both statements are correct. Uranium is used to generate about 10% of our electricity worldwide, yet this fact pales into insignificance when we consider the role uranium has played in the evolution of the Earth.  The Earth's uranium had been thought to be produced in one or more supernovae over 6 billion years ago. More recent research suggests some uranium is formed in the merger of neutron stars.            

https://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/uranium-resources/the-cosmic-origins-of-uranium.aspx#:~:text=The%20Earth's%20uranium%20had%20been,of%20the%20Earth's%20heat%20flux.

Q4. With reference to the findings of the UN report on human-caused methane emissions, consider the following statements:

  1. Human-caused methane emissions are increasing faster currently than at any other time since record keeping began in the 1980s.
  2. The report noted that most human-caused methane emissions came from Fossil fuels only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Human-caused methane emissions are increasing faster currently than at any other time since record keeping began in the 1980s.        

Statement 2 is incorrect. The report noted that most human-caused methane emissions came from three sectors; viz Fossil fuels, waste and agriculture.

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/agriculture/reduce-human-caused-methane-emissions-by-45-to-avoid-worst-of-climate-change-un-76837#:~:text=Human%2Dcaused%20methane%20emissions%20must,by%202045%2C%20the%20report%20added.&text=Governments%20worldwide%20were%20aspiring%20to%20reduce%20methane.

Q5. The Pulayar community, is one of the major social groups found in

(a) North India

 (b) West India

 (c) North-East India

 (d) South India               

 Option D is correct.  The Pulayar, also Pulaya, or Pulayas or Holeya or Cheramar, are one of the main social groups found in Kerala, Karnataka and in historical Tamil Nadu or Tamilakam.

https://indiantribalheritage.org/?p=8121#gsc.tab=0

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana, often seen in the news:

  1. It offers cash compensation to uninsured persons when they are rendered unemployed.
  2. The contingency of the unemployment could be as a result of voluntary retirement.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana is a welfare measure being implemented by the Employee's State Insurance (ESI) Corporation. It offers cash compensation to insured persons when they are rendered unemployed.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The contingency of the unemployment should not have been as a result of any punishment for misconduct or superannuation or voluntary retirement.

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/unorganised-sector-1/schemes-unorganised-sector/atal-beemit-vyakti-kalyan-yojana

Q7. With reference to the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), consider the following statements:

  1. The objective of the scheme is to generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of self employment ventures.
  2. The scheme is implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) as the nodal agency at the national level.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The objective of the scheme is to generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of self employment ventures.

Statement 2 is correct. The scheme is implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) as the nodal agency at the national level.

https://www.bankofbaroda.in/prime-minister-employment-generation-programme.htm

https://www.startupindia.gov.in/content/sih/en/government-schemes/pmemploymentgen_prog.html           

Q8. ‘Thumbimahotsavam’, sometimes seen in the news, is the first-ever State Dragonfly Festival being organized in which one of the following states of India?

(a) Tamil Nadu

(b) Kerala

(c) Karnataka

(d) Andhra Pradesh

Option B is correct. ‘Thumbimahotsavam’, sometimes seen in the news, is the first-ever State Dragonfly Festival being organized in Kerala.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/kerala-to-host-dragonfly-festival/article32414553.ece          

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(d)

7-(c)

8-(b)