Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. MSP is a “minimum price” for any crop that the government considers as remunerative for farmers and hence deserving of “support”.
  2. But it is not the price that government agencies pay, during the procurement of any particular crop.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. MSP is a “minimum price” for any crop that the government considers as remunerative for farmers and hence deserving of “support”.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It is also the price that government agencies pay whenever they procure the particular crop.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/minimum-support-price-msp-farmers-explained-6706253/

Q2. With reference to the UNESCO’s world heritage sites in India, consider the following statements:

  1. India is home to more than 50 world heritage sites.
  2. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai are the latest ones to be added to the list.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. India is home to 38 world heritage sites.            

Statement 2 is correct. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai are the latest one to be added to the list in 2018.     

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1480

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. India has 41 wetlands in the list of recognised sites of international importance under the treaty of Ramsar Convention, which are the highest in South Asia.
  2. The Lonar lake in Maharashtra and Sur Sarovar, also known as Keetham lake, in Agra, have been added to the list of recognised Ramsar sites recently.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. India has 41 wetlands in the list of recognised sites of international importance under the treaty of Ramsar Convention, which are the highest in South Asia. The Lonar lake in Maharashtra and Sur Sarovar, also known as Keetham lake, in Agra, have been added to the list of recognised Ramsar sites recently.          

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/lonar-lake-sur-sarovar-declared-as-ramsar-sites/article33106219.ece

Q4. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Finance Commission is a constitutional body formed by the President of India.
  2. It is constituted mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                          

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Finance Commission is a constitutional body formed by the President of India.               It is constituted mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.            

https://prsindia.org/policy/report-summaries/report-15th-finance-commission-2021-26

Q5. Consider the following pairs:

  Ports in News     Location

  1. Port Louis -    Mauritius
  2. Port of Brisbane - Australia
  3. Port of Durban - USA

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct.

  1. Port Louis - Mauritius
  2. Port of Brisbane - Australia
  3. Port of Durban - South Africa

https://www.tourism-mauritius.mu/en-int/discover/port-louis-capital-mauritius.html

https://www.icontainers.com/us/2020/01/20/top-10-ports-australia/

https://www.arabianbusiness.com/africa-s-top-10-ports-50442.html

Q6. A term ‘Tokamak’, sometimes seen in the news, is a/an

(a) Robotic spacecraft that remains in orbit around a planetary body.

 (b) World’s first floating nuclear power plant.

 (c) Name of first nuclear bomb used by USA

 (d) Experimental machine designed to harness the energy of fusion.

Option D is correct. The tokamak is an experimental machine designed to harness the energy of fusion. Inside a tokamak, the energy produced through the fusion of atoms is absorbed as heat in the walls of the vessel. Just like a conventional power plant, a fusion power plant will use this heat to produce steam and then electricity by way of turbines and generators.

https://www.iter.org/mach/Tokamak

Q7. With reference to the WTO’s peace clause, consider the following statements:

  1.  The peace clause protects all poor country’s food procurement programmes against action from WTO members in case subsidy ceilings are breached. 
  2. India has become the first country, to invoke the peace clause for breaching the subsidy limit for rice for marketing year 2018-19. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The peace clause protects a developing country’s food procurement programmes against action from WTO members in case subsidy ceilings are breached. 

Statement 2 is correct. India has become the first country, to invoke the peace clause for breaching the subsidy limit for rice for marketing year 2018-19. 

https://www.ksgindia.com/study-material/news-for-aspirants/24756-wto-peace-clause.html

Q8.  Consider the following statements regarding the recently launched Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme:

  1. The scheme has been launched under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U).
  2. The main objective of the scheme is to construct new and affordable houses for the poor households.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), has launched the Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U) as a part of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. 

Statement 2 is incorrect.   The scheme provides an opportunity for all States/UTs to convert their existing vacant houses constructed under various Central/ State Government schemes into ARHCs. The second model allows construction, operation and maintenance of ARHCs by public or private entities on their own available vacant land for a period of 25 years.

https://www.ksgindia.com/study-material/news-for-aspirants/24774-guidelines-for-arhcs.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(c)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(b)

8-(a)