Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the contributions made by Mughal emperor Akbar, towards the political history of India:

  1. He was the one who came up with administrative machinery system known as the Mansabdari system and this helped Mughal rule to stay long in India.
  2. To demonstrate his authority, Akbar came up with the ‘Siege of Chittorgarh’ in 1567.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. In 1556, after defeating Sher Shah Suri’s kingdom, Akbar planned of stabilising the empire. He realised the importance of alliances with the Rajputs and among the many tactics marrying Rajput princess from Amer was the one. He was the one who came up with administrative machinery system also known as the Mansabdari system and this helped Mughal rule to stay long in India. According to the system, officials were given specific posts and Rajputs were given important military positions. To demonstrate his authority, Akbar came up with the ‘Siege of Chittorgarh’ in October 1567.

https://www.freepressjournal.in/cmcm/maharana-pratap-vs-akbar-who-won-the-battle-of-haldighati

Q2. Consider the following statements:

He was one of the founding leaders of the Indian national movement. He was an immensely wise liberal nationalist, made outstanding contributions towards social empowerment. He founded the Servants of India Society in Maharashtra’s Pune in 1905. He was a respected ‘moderate’ Congress leader and a mentor to both Mahatma Gandhi and Mohammed Ali Jinnah.                 

Which of the following personalities has been referred here?

(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale 

(b) M.G Ranade               

 (c) Rajkumar Shukla      

 (d) S.N Banerjee

Option A is correct.  Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the founding leaders of the Indian national movement. He was an immensely wise liberal nationalist, made outstanding contributions towards social empowerment. He founded the Servants of India Society in Maharashtra’s Pune in 1905. He was a respected ‘moderate’ Congress leader and a mentor to both Mahatma Gandhi and Mohammed Ali Jinnah.                         

https://www.timesnownews.com/mirror-now/in-focus/article/gopal-krishna-gokhale-s-155th-birth-anniversary-5-lesser-known-facts-about-the-indian-nationalist/754638

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. 
  2. It mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. It mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.

https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/mucormycosis/index.html#:~:text=Mucormycosis%20(previously%20called%20zygomycosis)%20is,to%20fight%20germs%20and%20sickness.

Q4. With reference to the India’s engagement with the Arctic region, consider the following statements:

  1. India is a member of Arctic council.
  2. India’s ISRO is a part of a satellite mission that aims to conduct global measurements of the cause and consequences of the land surface changes, considering the Arctic region.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. India enjoys an ‘observer status’ in the Arctic council.

Statement 2 is correct. India’s ISRO is a part of a satellite mission that aims to conduct global measurements of the cause and consequences of the land surface changes, in the Arctic region.       

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/climate-change/india-gets-re-elected-as-observer-to-arctic-council-64378

Q5.  Mount Sinabung, which erupted recently, belching a massive column of volcanic ash and smoke into the sky, is located in

(a) USA              

 (b) Australia

 (c) Japan

 (d) Indonesia

Option D is correct. Mount Sinabung, which erupted recently, belching a massive column of volcanic ash and smoke into the sky, is located in Indonesia.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-mount-sinabungs-recent-volcanic-eruption-why-it-happened-and-who-are-at-risk-7306952/

Q6. Consider the following statements:

This temple is one of the four Char Dhams, located in the state. Located in the Garhwal Himalayas, on the banks of the Alaknanda river, this sacred town lies between Nar and Narayana mountain ranges. The temple is believed to have been established by sage Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century. Recently, five state-owned oil and gas PSUs have committed Rs 100 crore for the redevelopment of this place, as a spiritual smart city.

Which one of the following temples has been referred hare?

(a) Omkareshwar temple            

 (b) Badrinath temple

 (c) Akshardham Temple              

 (d) Vaishno Devi Temple 

Option B is correct. Badrinath temple is one of the four Char Dhams, located in the state. Located in the Garhwal Himalayas, on the banks of the Alaknanda river, this sacred town lies between Nar and Narayana mountain ranges. The temple is believed to have been established by sage Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century. Recently, five state-owned oil and gas PSUs have committed Rs 100 crore for the redevelopment of this place, as a spiritual smart city.                              

https://uttarakhandtourism.gov.in/destination/badrinath

 Q7. Shebait rights, sometimes seen in the news, are the rights of a person

(a) To have custody of his/her children

 (b) Who wants to acquire his/her hereditary property

 (c) Who serves a Hindu deity and manages the temple.

To have custody of his/her children

 (d) None of the above

Option C is correct. Shebait rights, sometimes seen in the news, are the rights of a person who serves a Hindu deity and manages the temple.

 https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/sc-upholds-shebait-rights-of-travancore-royal-family-in-administration-of-sree-padmanabhaswamy-temple-112338

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1.  Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) is a proposed free trade agreement between India and European Union. 
  2. The negotiations under the agreement, do not cover the Intellectual Property Rights & Geographical Indications.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. In 2007, India and the EU began negotiations on a broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) in Brussels, Belgium.  India and the EU expect to promote bilateral trade by removing barriers to trade in goods and services and investment across all sectors of the economy. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. The negotiations cover Trade in Goods, Trade in Services, Investment, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Technical Barriers to Trade, Trade Remedies, Rules of Origin, Customs and Trade Facilitation, Competition, Trade Defence, Government Procurement, Dispute Settlement, Intellectual Property Rights & Geographical Indications, Sustainable Development. 

https://commerce.gov.in/international_nextDetail_WTO.aspx?LinkID=32&idwto=34    

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(a)