Q1. The Malthusian theory, often seen in news, is associated with which one of the following aspects of life?

(a) Population

(b) Education

(c) Health

(d) Infrastructure

Option A is correct. Thomas Robert Malthus was a famous 18th-century British economist known for the population growth philosophies outlined in his 1798 book "An Essay on the Principle of Population." In it, Malthus theorized that populations would continue expanding until growth is stopped or reversed by disease, famine, war, or calamity.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/thomas-malthus.asp#:~:text=Thomas%20Malthus%20was%20an%2018th,famine%2C%20war%2C%20and%20calamity.

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. When a virus is widely circulating in a population and causing many infections, the likelihood of the virus mutating increases.
  2. Most viral mutations have little to no impact on the virus’s ability to cause infections and disease. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. When a virus is widely circulating in a population and causing many infections, the likelihood of the virus mutating increases. Most viral mutations have little to no impact on the virus’s ability to cause infections and disease. 

https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/the-effects-of-virus-variants-on-covid-19-vaccines?gclid=CjwKCAjwnPOEBhA0EiwA609ReRZ5NSfnwmzcjWVJ2UV_kWbhvjjne_Oxlx0lO3UunfcEe6Mk9atpVRoC52EQAvD_BwE

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Six-Day war was the third in the long line of Arab-Israeli wars that started in 1948, around the time of the creation of the Israeli state. 
  2. India was also declared as a party to war, by the British government.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Six-Day war was the third in the long line of Arab-Israeli wars that started in 1948, around the time of the creation of the Israeli state. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. Israel fought against a combined force of Egypt, Jordan, Syria. The war ended on June 10, 1967. India was not declared as a party to war, by the British government.                      

 https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/israels-six-day-war-explained/article18960298.ece

Q4. With reference to the Jal Jeevan Mission of the government of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Community participation is not an important component of the mission.
  2. The mission’s goal is to provide to all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water. According to the government, the mission will include information, education and communication as key components. The mission is meant to create a people's movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.

Statement 2 is correct. The mission’s goal is to provide to all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.                  

https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-jal-jeevan-mission

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. On 11 May 1998, India successfully conducted three nuclear tests at Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan, which is celebrated every year as the ‘National Technology Day’.
  2. India also tested its first indigenous aircraft Hansa-3 as well as did successful completion of test firing of India’s surface-to-air missile Trishul, on the very same day.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. On 11 May 1998, India successfully conducted three nuclear tests at Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan, which is celebrated every year as the National Technology Day.              India also tested its first indigenous aircraft Hansa-3 as well as did successful completion of test firing of India’s surface-to-air missile Trishul, on the very same day.   

https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/national-technology-day-2021-date-theme-history-and-significance-121051100102_1.html

Q6. Which of the following statements about river Krishna is/are correct?

  1. The delta of the river was occupied by the historic Pallava and Chalukya dynasties.
  2. Environmentally, the Krishna River is one of the most ruinous rivers in the world because it creates intense land corrosion throughout the monsoon. 

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The delta of the river was occupied by the prehistoric Ikshvaku and Satavahana dynasties.

Statement 2 is correct. Environmentally, the Krishna River is one of the most ruinous rivers in the world because it creates intense land corrosion throughout the monsoon. 

https://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/rivers/krishna.html

 Q7. Consider the following temples of South India:

  1. Brihadeshwar Temple
  2. Jagannath Temple
  3. Tirumala venkateswara Temple

In which of the temples given above, lord Shiva is also worshipped as the deity?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option A is correct.

Only in Brihadeshwar Temple, lord Shiva is worshipped as the deity.

https://www.tourmyindia.com/blog/famous-temples-in-tamil-nadu/

https://traveltriangle.com/blog/temples-in-andhra-pradesh/

Q8. With reference to the First Five-Year Plan in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The country recorded a much higher growth rate than that was targeted, during the first five year plan.
  2. The plan was based on the Harrod–Domar model, which suggestedthat growth was dependent on high level of savings and a low capital-output ratio.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. The country recorded a higher growth rate than that was targeted during the first five year plan. The First Five-Year Plan was presented before the Parliament on 9 July 1951. The target GDP growth of the plan was 2.1%, but the country recorded a growth of 3.6% that year.

Statement 2 is correct. The plan was based on the Harrod–Domar model, which suggested that growth was dependent on two things. First, high level of savings since higher savings enabled greater investment and second, a low capital-output ratio that ensured efficient investment and a higher growth rate.            

https://theprint.in/india/all-about-the-first-five-year-plan-that-was-presented-by-nehru-nearly-70-years-ago-today/457511/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(c)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)