Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the juvenile justice act 2015 of the government of India:

  1. The act signifies a child who is in conflict with the law and asserted or found to have convicted an offence and not finished the 18 years of age on the date of the delegation of such an offence.
  2. As per the act, if the family is not capable of taking care of the well being of the child and when the child has no family to be cared for, the government must make alternative provisions.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The act signifies a child who is in conflict with the law and asserted or found to have convicted an offence and not finished the 18 years of age on the date of the delegation of such an offence.  As per the act, if the family is not capable of taking care of the well being of the child and when the child has no family to be cared for, the government must make alternative provisions.

https://blog.ipleaders.in/introduction-overview-juvenile-justice-care-protection-act-2015/

Q2. With reference to the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a statutorybody of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
  2. It is mandated to monitor and regulate the inter-country adoptions only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                              

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.

http://cara.nic.in/about/about_cara.html

Q3. With reference to the National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage, consider the following statements:

  1. It is among the PLI schemes worth ₹1.97 trillion announced by the government last year for 13 sectors. 
  2. Under the programme, each selected ACC battery storage manufacturer would have to commit to set up an ACC manufacturing facility of minimum 5GWh capacity and ensure a minimum 60% domestic value addition at the project level within five years.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage is among the PLI schemes worth ₹1.97 trillion announced by the government last year for 13 sectors.  Under the programme, each selected ACC battery storage manufacturer would have to commit to set up an ACC manufacturing facility of minimum 5GWh capacity and ensure a minimum 60% domestic value addition at the project level within five years.                         

https://www.livemint.com/economy/cabinet-approves-18-100-crore-pli-scheme-for-battery-storage-manufacturing-11620818208828.html

Q4. The Iron- Dome is a short-range ground-to-air defence system, which has been used recently by which one of the following countries?

(a) India

 (b) Israel

(c) USA

(d) China

Option B is correct.  Days after the violent conflict between Israel and Palestine turned into a full-blown confrontation with massive airstrikes and rockets being propelled from both sides, what has emerged as one of the biggest attractions is the Iron Dome system.

https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/iron-dome-israel-palestine-al-aqsa-mosque-hamas-1802193-2021-05-13

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1.  The recent ‘World Food Prize’, 2021 has been granted for the groundbreaking research in developing holistic, nutrition-sensitive approaches to aquaculture and food systems.
  2. Dr Shakuntala Haraksingh was named the first World Food Prize Laureate for developing and spearheading the introduction of high-yielding wheat and rice varieties into India during the 1960s.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Dr Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, a global nutrition expert of Indian descent has won the prestigious 2021 World Food Prize for her groundbreaking research in developing holistic, nutrition-sensitive approaches to aquaculture and food systems.

Statement 2 is incorrect. M.S. Swaminathan was named the first World Food Prize Laureate for developing and spearheading the introduction of high-yielding wheat and rice varieties into India during the 1960s.                        

https://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2021/may/11/shakuntala-haraksingh-thilsted-of-indian-descent-wins-world-food-prize-2021-2301305.html

Q6. With reference to the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), consider the following statements:

  1. EIA is not mandatory under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986 for the developmental activities involving investments of Rs. 50 crores and above.
  2. It is not conducted for the Nuclear Power Projects in India, as these are scrutinized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. EIA is mandatory under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986 for the developmental activities involving investments of Rs. 50 crores and above.

Statement 2 is Incorrect. EIA is done for the following projects:

Mining Projects

Industrial Projects

Thermal Power Projects

River Valley, Multipurpose, Irrigation and H.E. Projects

Infrastructure Development and Miscellaneous Projects

Nuclear Power Projects

http://moef.gov.in/division/environment-divisions/environmental-impact-assessment-eia/introduction/

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Placebos are substances that are made to resemble drugs and also contain an active drug.
  2. A drug is only approved when it produces a greater effect than a placebo.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Placebos are substances that are made to resemble drugs, but do not contain an active drug.

Statement 2 is correct. A drug is only approved when it produces a greater effect than a placebo.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/306437#what-is-the-placebo-effect

Q8. With reference to the IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System), consider the following statements:

  1. IRNSS has completely replaced the GPS, as the current Standard Positioning Service in India.
  2. It is mainly aimed at providing reliable navigation and timing services, in all weather conditions in the South Asian region, to ensure the maritime security.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. IRNSS/ NavIC is India’s first attempt at building a satellite based navigation system with commercial and strategic applications. This IRNSS constellation is completely indigenous and has been operational since early 2018. Making it’s way into the commercial usage in 2020, NavIC is set to replace GPS as the current Standard Positioning Service in India.

The aim of NavIC is to provide reliable navigation, and timing services, in all weather conditions to India and other Asian countries.

https://irisguardian.com/what-is-navic-and-is-it-really-better-than-gps/             

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(a)

6-(d)

7-(b)

8-(d)