Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Summer solstice is known for being the longest day, for those living north of the Equator.
  2. The amount of incoming energy the Earth received from the sun on this day is 30 per cent higher at the North Pole than at the Equator.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Summer solstice is known for being the longest day, for those living north of the Equator.  The amount of incoming energy the Earth received from the sun on this day is 30 per cent higher at the North Pole than at the Equator, according to NASA.

indianexpress.com/article/explained/summer-solstice-explained-why-june-21-will-be-the-longest-day-of-the-year-in-northern-hemisphere-7367636/

Q2. With reference to the “Integrated Power Development Scheme” (IPDS), often seen in news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is aimed at strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network in the rural areas of the country.
  2.  It was launched by the Ministry of Power.
  3. Power Finance Corporation is the nodal agency for its implementation.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

  (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The “Integrated Power Development Scheme” (IPDS) was launched by Ministry of Power, Government of India with the objectives of:

  1. Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network in the urban areas;
  2. Metering of distribution transformers /feeders / consumers in the urban areas.
  3. IT enablement of distribution sector and strengthening of distribution network as per CCEA approval dated 21.06.2013 for completion of targets laid down under Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (R-APDRP) for 12th and 13th Plans by carrying forward the approved outlay for R-APDRP to IPDS. Hence, Statement 2 is correct.

Statement 3 is correct. Power Finance Corporation is the nodal agency for its implementation.

pfcindia.com/Home/VS/23

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding the Ebola outbreak:

  1. It is caused by virus, which was transmitted to people from people only.
  2. Social distancing is the key to successfully control such outbreaks.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.        

Both statements are incorrect. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ebola-virus-disease

Q4. Monoclonal antibodies, often seen in news, are

(a) The artificially created antibodies to aid the body’s natural immune system.

(b) The naturally produced antibodies to attack the pathogen.   

(c) Responsible for creating identical babies.       

(d) Present in the non-flowering plants.

Option A is correct. To fight a viral infection, our bodies create proteins known as antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies are artificial antibodies that mimic the activity of our immune systems. They are produced through a process that involves extracting specific antibodies from human blood and then cloning them.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-monoclonal-antibodies-covid-7368039/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  2. It is responsible for appraisal of proposals relating to release of genetically engineered organisms and products into the environment.                           

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.        

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.            

Statement 2 is correct. As per Rules, 1989, it is responsible for appraisal of activities involving large scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants in research and industrial production from the environmental angle. The committee is also responsible for appraisal of proposals relating to release of genetically engineered (GE) organisms and products into the enviornment including experimental field trials.

https://geacindia.gov.in/about-geac-india.aspx

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(b)

3-(d)

4-(a)

5-(b)