Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Government of India has identified four critical areas for reforms by the States and the later will get the facility of additional borrowing equivalent to 0.25 percent of their Gross States Domestic Product (GSDP), for completing each reform.
  2. Implementation of One Nation One Ration Card System, is one such area.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                                                                                                                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                                                                                                                           

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Government of India has identified four critical areas for reforms by the States and the later will get the facility of additional borrowing equivalent to 0.25 percent of their Gross States Domestic Product (GSDP), for completing each reform.                                                                                                  

Statement 2 is correct. The Government of India has identified four critical areas for reforms by the States:

  • Implementation of One Nation One Ration Card System,
  • Ease of doing business reform,
  • Urban Local body/ utility reforms and
  • Power Sector reforms.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1681004

Q2. With reference to the military’s integrated theatre commands in India, consider the following statements:

  1. All the units of the military in the theatre commands will work as a single entity to address security challenges, in a specified geographical territory under an operational commander.
  2. Four such commands have been created in the country so far.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                                                                                                                                                        

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                                                                                                                           

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. All the units of the military in the theatre commands will work as a single entity to address security challenges, in a specified geographical territory under an operational commander.

Statement 2 is incorrect. While deliberations continue for a consensus on the creation of the military’s integrated theatre commands, the four proposed commands are likely be raised by year-end, according to a government official.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/four-theatre-commands-likely-to-be-raised-by-year-end/article34913243.ece

Q3. With reference to the Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), consider the following statements:

  1. GMO provides a better alternative against the conventional methods such as, the selective breeding and crossbreeding.
  2. So far, GMO includes only the species of plants and animals.
  3. Recently, the First-ever genetically modified rubber was planted in the state of Assam.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

 (c) 2 and 3 only

 (d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Conventional methods of modifying plants and animals—selective breeding and crossbreeding—can take a long time. Moreover, selective breeding and crossbreeding often produce mixed results, with unwanted traits appearing alongside desired characteristics. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an animal, plant, or microbe whose DNA has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. 

Statement 3 is correct. Recently, the First-ever genetically modified rubber was planted in the state of Assam.

first-ever-genetically-modified-rubber-planted-in-assam/article34https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/f901294.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Pygmy hog belongs to the family of pigs, native to the deserts of north- western India.
  2. They are listed as ‘vulnerable’ under the IUCN red list as well as protected under the schedule I of the Wildlife protection Act, 1972.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only                                                                                                                                                       

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                                                                                                                           

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Once found in the tall, dense, riverine grassland plains of the Himalaya in India, Bhutan, and Nepal, the pygmy hog is believed to have been almost completely wiped out in the 1960s. The pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) is the most elusive and rare wild pig species in the world.

It is popularly known as Nol Gahori in Assam and is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List, and was once thought to have extinct.

https://sustain.round.glass/conservation/pygmy-hog-assam-conservation/#:~:text=Once%20found%20in%20the%20tall,pig%20species%20in%20the%20world.

Q5. Consider the following statements with respect to the different models of the e-commerce:

  1. Inventory model maintains and sells its own products, while the market place model just provides a platform to bring together the merchants and consumers.
  2. 100 per cent FDI through automatic route is allowed only the market place model of e- commerce.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only                                                                                                                                                       

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2                                                                                                                                           

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Inventory model maintains and sells its own products, while the market place model just provides a platform to bring together the merchants and consumers. 100 per cent FDI through automatic route is allowed only the market place model of e- commerce.   

https://indianonlineseller.com/2016/02/marketplace-or-inventory-led-which-ecommerce-model-works-best#:~:text=Indian%20Online%20Sellers.-,Marketplace%20Model,and%20sellers%20without%20storing%20goods.

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(c)