Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the urban transformation of India:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U) aims to address the urban housing shortage among the Economically Weaker Sections and Middle Income Groups.
  2. AMRUT scheme aims to provide basic services like water supply, sewerage etc.
  3. The objective of the Smart Cities Mission is to all the cities of the country technologically advanced.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 only             

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Mission addresses urban housing shortage among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022, when Nation completes 75 years of its Independence.

Statement 2 is correct. The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to

  • Ensure that every household has access to a tap with the assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
  • Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks) and
  • Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling). All these outcomes are valued by citizens, particularly women, and indicators and standards have been prescribed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA ) in the form of Service Level Benchmarks (SLBs).

Statement 3 is incorrect. The main objective of the Mission is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure, clean and sustainable environment and give a decent quality of life to their citizens through the application of ‘smart solutions’. 

https://smartcities.gov.in/about-the-mission

pmaymis.gov.in

http://amrut.gov.in/content/innerpage/the-mission.php

Q2. With reference to the recently released LiDAR-based reports, mapping out the water requirement within forest areas in certain states of India, consider the following statements:

  1. It was a first of its kind and a unique experiment done by LIDAR technology, which is a remote sensing method.
  2. The objective of the survey was to ensure that animals don’t venture out in search of water thereby reducing human-animal conflict.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Union Environment Minister recently released LiDAR-based reports mapping out the water requirement within forest areas in 10 states.  It was a first of its kind and a unique experiment done by LIDAR technology, which is a remote sensing method. The objective of the survey was to ensure that animals don’t venture out in search of water thereby reducing human-animal conflict.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/govt-launches-lidar-survey-reports-to-augment-water-in-forest-areas-7376100/

Q3.  Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, recently seen in news, is located in

(a) Sri Lanka

 (b) Nepal           

 (c) India

 (d) Bhutan         

Option D is correct. Sandwiched between China and India, the tiny Himalayan nation of Bhutan is feeling the squeeze as its giant neighbours square up for supremacy. Beijing's surprise move came during a virtual conservation meeting, when it laid claim for the first time to Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, which spans about 740 sq km (285 sq miles) in eastern Bhutan.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-55004196

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. The National Dairy Development Board's programmes and activities seek to strengthen farmer owned institutions and support national policies that are favourable to the growth of such institutions.
  2. "Operation Flood", was a programme extending over 26 years and which used AIIB’s loan to finance India's emergence as the world's largest milk producing nation.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The National Dairy Development Board's programmes and activities seek to strengthen farmer owned institutions and support national policies that are favourable to the growth of such institutions.

Statement 2 is incorrect. "Operation Flood", was a programme extending over 26 years and which used World Bank loan to finance India's emergence as the world's largest milk producing nation.                  

https://www.nddb.coop/

Q5. With reference to the Gram Sabha, which is the fulcrum of the Panchayati Raj and village development, consider the following statements:

  1. Gram Sabha is the primary body of the Panchayati Raj system and by far the largest.
  2. The decisions taken by the Gram Sabha cannot be annulled by any other body. The power to annul a decision of the Gram Sabha rests with the Gram Sabha only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only                     

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Gram Sabha is the primary body of the Panchayati Raj system and by far the largest.                         

Statement 2 is correct. The decisions taken by the Gram Sabha cannot be annulled by any other body. The power to annul a decision of the Gram Sabha rests with the Gram Sabha only.

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/community-power/role-of-gram-sabha/what-is-gram-sabha

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(a)

5-(c)