1. Consider the following statements regarding the University Grants Commission of India:

 

  1. It is an executive body set up by the Government of India.

 

  1. It is under the Ministry of education.

      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Government of India in accordance to the UGC Act 1956.

Statement 2 is correct: It is under the Ministry of Education, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education. It provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognized universities and colleges.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kolkata/bengal-teachers-unhappy-with-ugcs-new-version-of-history/article35217352.ece

 

  1. With reference to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), consider the following statements:

 

  1. It is the second largest intergovernmental organization after the United Nations.

 

  1. Recently, India has joined it as an observer state.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct: The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest intergovernmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of 57 states.

It headquarters are in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Statement 2 is incorrect: India is not a member (neither observer state) of the OIC. However, India was invited as a guest of honour at 46th Session of the Council of Foreign Minister in 2019. 2019 is the 50th anniversary of OIC.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/oic-should-not-allow-itself-to-be-subverted-by

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund:

 

  1. It aims to provide short term debt financing facility for investment in post-harvest management Infrastructure.

 

  1. It will be managed through an online Management Information System (MIS) platform.

       Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

It is a pan India central sector scheme to inject formal credit into farm and farm-processing based activities.

Statement 1 is incorrect: Aim: To provide medium - long term debt financing facility for investment in viable projects for post-harvest management Infrastructure and community farming assets.

Statement 2 is correct: Management: The fund will be managed and monitored through an online Management Information System (MIS) platform. It will enable all the qualified entities to apply for loan under the Fund.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cabinet-extends-agri-infra-fund-loans-toapmcs/article35223178.ece

 

 

  1. Recently, Haiti country was in the news. It is located in:

 

(a) Atlantic Ocean

 

(b) Pacific Ocean

(c) Indian Ocean

(d) Arctic Ocean

Explanation: Option (a) is correct:

Recently, JovenelMoïse, Haiti’s 53-year-old President, was assassinated at his private residence.

Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.The Caribbean Sea is an American Mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/explainer-whats-happening-in-haitiwhere-the-president-was-assassinated/article35208368.ece

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010:

 

  1. Under this act, it is mandatory to make disposal of appeals within one year of filing the appeals.

 

  1. This Act does not provide a procedure for a penalty for non-compliance.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

National Green Tribunal is a specialised body set up under the National Green Tribunal Act (2010) for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.

Statement 1 is incorrect: NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The NGT Act also provides a procedure for a penalty for non- compliance: Imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, fine which may extend to ten crore rupees and both fine and imprisonment.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/ngt-seeks-action-report-against-illegal-factories/article35226615.ece