1. Consider the following statements regarding the Supreme court of India:
  2. The Constitution authorises the Chief Justice of India to regulate the strength of the Supreme Court.
  3. The Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 2 is correct: The Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court. It also authorises the CJI to appoint other place or places as seat of the Supreme Court.

At present, the Supreme Court consists of thirty-one judges (one chief justice and thirty other judges).

Statement 1 is incorrect: Originally, the strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at eight (one chief justice and seven other judges). The Parliament is authorised to regulate them.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/dont-summon-officials-unnecessarily-says-supreme-court/article35241503.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements:
  2. Goa has a common civil code.
  3. Directive Principle of State Policy seeks to provide for its citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 2 is correct: The Constitution in Article 44 requires the State to strive to secure for its citizens a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) throughout India, but till date, no action has been taken in this regard.

The Hindu personal laws were codified in the year 1956. However, there has been no attempt to frame a Uniform Civil Code applicable to all citizens of the country.

Statement 1 is correct: Goa has a common civil code called Portuguese civil code 1867.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/uniform-civil-code-ought-not-to-remain-a-mere-hope/article35243975.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements:
  2. This disease is considered as a neglected tropical disease (NTD).
  3. It is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms.
  4. It is also known as elephantiasis

Which of the following diseases is being described in the above statements?

(a) Lymphatic filariasis

(b) Mumps

(c) Amoebic dysentery

(d) Foot and mouth

Explanation: Option ‘a’ is correct:

Lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis), considered globally as a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms. The adult worms only live in the human lymph system.

Spread: Lymphatic filariasis is spread from person to person by mosquitoes.

Lymphatic filariasis is a leading cause of permanent disability worldwide.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/maharashtra-resumes-immunisation-against-filariasis/article35242990.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements with reference to the Election Commission (ECI):
  2. In case of difference of opinion between the Chief Election Commissioner and election commissioners, the decision of Chief Election Commissioner prevails over others.
  3. The Chief Election Commissioner does not have any say in the process of removal of any other election commissioner.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is not correct: The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) presides over the Election Commission but does not have more powers than the other Election Commissioners. The CEC and the two Election Commissioners have equal powers to take all decisions relating to elections as a collective body.

Statement 2 is not correct: Provided further that any other Election Commissioner or a Regional Commissioner shall not be removed from office except on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/jk-delimitation-panel-will-reserve-st-sc-seats/article35230259.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the sugar industry in India:
  2. The climate of South India is suitable for sugarcane with high sucrose content giving higher yield per unit area as compared to north India.
  3. Rangarajan committee (2012) was set up to give recommendations on regulation of sugar industry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Sugar industry is broadly distributed over two major areas of production- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana and Punjab in the north and Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

Statement 1 is correct: South India has tropical climate which is suitable for higher sucrose content giving higher yield per unit area as compared to north India.

Statement 2 is correct: Rangarajan committee (2012) was set up to give recommendations on regulation of sugar industry.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/sugar-exports-reach-475-mt-this-year-aista/article35244544.ece