1. Kanchenjunga biosphere is located in which of the following states of India?

(a) Assam

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Sikkim

(d) Arunachal Pradesh

 

Explanation:Option (c) is correct

Sikkim, which is a part of the Kanchenjunga biosphere landscape, has different altitudinal ecosystems, which provide opportunity for herbs and trees to grow and thrive. From subalpine vegetation to the temperate to the tropical, the State has different kinds of vegetation, and that is the reason for such a diversity of flora. The elevation also varies between 300 metres and 8,598 metres above mean sea level, the apex being the top of Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586 metres).

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/sikkim-blossoms-smallest-state-home-to-27-of-indias-flowering-plants/article35256159.ece

 

  1. Which of the following are Kharif crops in India?
  2. Rice
  3. Wheat
  4. Cotton

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

Indian farmers have planted 49.9 million hectares with summer (kharif) crops, down 10.4% from a year earlier, according to the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, as monsoon rains taper off after a strong start last month.

 

Planting of rice, the key summer crop, was at 11.5 million hectares as of July 9 versus 12.6 million hectares in the previous year, the ministry said.

The area planted with cotton was at 8.6 million hectares versus 10.5 million hectares.

Planting of overall oilseeds, including soybean, was at 11.2 million hectares, down from 12.6 million hectares.

 

Wheat is a Rabi crop.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/kharif-planting-lags-as-monsoon-rains-taper-off/article35257383.ece#:~:text=Share%20Article-,Farmers%20have%20sown%2010.4%25%20less%20this%20year,a%20strong%20start%20last%20month.

 

  1. Consider the following statements:
  2. The Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), 2002 is currently applicable only in regions which are declared disturbed.
  3. Under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), bail cannot be granted to a suspect if the court is of the opinion that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the charges are prima facie true.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: After the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA), 2002, was repealed (So, it is currently not applicable anywhere), the UAPA was expanded to include what would have been terrorist acts in earlier laws.

 

Statement 2 is correct: Just like other special laws dealing with narcotic drugs and the now-defunct laws on terrorism, the UAPA also modifies the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) to give it more teeth. A remand order can be for 30 days instead of the usual 15, and the maximum period of judicial custody before the filing of a chargesheet is extendable from the usual 90 days to 180 days.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/explained-what-makes-the-uapa-so-stringent/article35257856.ece

 

  1. Which of the following are among the interested riparian states in the Cauvery water dispute?
  2. Karnataka
  3. Kerala
  4. Tamil Nadu

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation: Option (d) is correct

The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal, in its final order in February 2007, made allocations to all the riparian States — Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, apart from the Union Territory of Puducherry. It also stipulated “tentative monthly deliveries during a normal year” to be made available by Karnataka to Tamil Nadu.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/explained-why-are-karnataka-and-tamil-nadu-sparring-over-the-mekedatu-dam-project-in-the-cauvery-basin/article35257883.ece

 

  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Cassini spacecraft?
  2. It was launched by NASA.
  3. Spacecraft have been launched to understand in detail about the atmosphere of Venus.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: For more than a decade, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft shared the wonders of Saturn and its family of icy moons—taking us to astounding worlds where methane rivers run to a methane sea and where jets of ice and gas are blasting material into space from a liquid water ocean that might harbor the ingredients for life.

 

Statement 2 is incorrect: Cassini revealed in great detail the true wonders of Saturn, a giant world ruled by raging storms and delicate harmonies of gravity.

 

Source:

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/cassini/overview/

The Hindu, Science and Technology Page, 11th July