1. Which of the following is not related to the cooperatives in India?

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Directive Principles of States Policy

(c) 44th Amendment Act, 1978

(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (c) is correct

Provisions related to cooperatives in the Indian constitution

97th Amendment Act, 2011: Gave a constitutional status and protection to co-operative societies. It made the following three changes in the constitution:

Article 19(1) (C): It made the right to form co-operative societies a fundamental right.

Article 43B: It included a new Directive Principle of State Policy on promotion of cooperative societies.

It added a new Part IX-B in the constitution which is entitled as “The Co- operative Societies”.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/cooperative-spirit-the-hindu-editorial-on-the-new-union-ministry-of-cooperation/article35270173.ece

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH):
  2. It is a utility helicopter designed and developed by DRDO.
  3. It is powered by two Shakti engines and inherits many technical features of the Advanced Light Helicopter.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) is a 5.5-tonne class combat helicopter designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) – a Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU).

Statement 2 is correct: It is powered by two Shakti engines and inherits many technical features of the Advanced Light Helicopter.

LCH has the distinction of being the first attach helicopter to land in Forward Bases at Siachen, 4,700 mts above sea level with 500kg load.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hal-set-to-deliver-first-batch-of-3-light-combat-helicopters-to-iaf/article35265426.ece

 

 

  1. Recently, the Kesaria Buddha stupa was in the news. It was originally constructed during the reign of:

(a) Ashoka

(b) Dasaratha

(c) Pushyamitra sunga

(d) Dharmapala

Explanation: Option (a) is correct

Kesaria Buddha stupa

Kesaria Buddha stupa is regarded as the largest Buddhist stupa in the world and has been drawing tourists from across several Buddhist countries.

The original Kesaria stupa is said to date back to the time of emperor Ashoka (circa 250 BCE) as the remains of an Ashokan pillar was discovered there.

The stupa has a circumference of almost 400 feet and stands at a height of about 104 feet. The sputa’s exploration had started in the early 19th century after its discovery led by Colonel Mackenzie in 1814.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/kesaria-buddha-stupa-waterlogged-in-bihars-east-champaran-district/article35262011.ece

 

 

  1. Which of the following Indian states share border(s) with Myanmar?
  2. Manipur
  3. Assam
  4. Nagaland
  5. Mizoram

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1,2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 2,3 and 4 only

(d) 1,3 and 4 only

Explanation: Option (d) is correct: Four Northeast Indian states share the border with Myanmar: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur.

Note: Assam does not share border with Myanmar.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/assam-mizoram-border-row-flares-again/article35271389.ece

 

  1. Which of the following statement is correct about NBFC?

(a) NBFC cannot undertake lending activity.

(b) NBFCs do not form part of the payment and settlement system and cannot issue cheques drawn on itself.

(c) NBFC can accept demand deposits, but no time deposits.

(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

NBFCs lend and make investments and hence their activities are akin to that of banks; however there are a few differences as given below:

  1. NBFC cannot accept demand deposits;
  2. NBFCs do not form part of the payment and settlement system and cannot issue cheques drawn on itself;

iii. deposit insurance facility of Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation is not available to depositors of NBFCs, unlike in case of banks.

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/liquidity-buffer-at-nbfcs-cushions-fall-in-q1-collections/article35288794.ece

https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/FAQView.aspx?Id=92

 

Consider the following statements regarding the Supreme court of India:

 

  1. The Constitution authorises the Chief Justice of India to regulate the strength of the Supreme Court.

 

  1. The Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

 

  1. 2 only

 

  1. Both 1 and 2

 

  1. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: b

Explanation

Statement 2 is correct: The Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court. It also authorises the CJI to appoint other place or places as seat of the Supreme Court.

At present, the Supreme Court consists of thirty-one judges (one chief justice and thirty other judges).

Statement 1 is incorrect: Originally, the strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at eight (one chief justice and seven other judges). The Parliament is authorised to regulate them.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/dont-summon-officials-unnecessarily-says-supreme-court/article35241503.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

 

  1. The Indian state of Goa has a common civil code.

 

  1. The Indian constitution in Article 44 seeks to provide for its citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

 

  1. 2 only

 

  1. Both 1 and 2

 

  1. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

Explanation

Statement 2 is correct: The Constitution in Article 44 requires the State to strive to secure for its citizens a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) throughout India, but till date, no action has been taken in this regard.

The Hindu personal laws were codified in the year 1956. However, there has been no attempt to frame a Uniform Civil Code applicable to all citizens of the country.

Statement 1 is correct: Goa has a common civil code called Portuguese civil code 1867.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/uniform-civil-code-ought-not-to-remain-a-mere-hope/article35243975.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

 

  1. This diseases is considered as a neglected tropical disease (NTD).

 

  1. It is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms.

 

  1. It is also known as elephantiasis

Which of the following diseases is being described in the above statements?

  1. Lymphatic filariasis

 

  1. Mumps

 

  1. Amoebic dysentery

 

  1. Foot and mouth

 

Answer: a

Explanation

Option ‘a’ is correct: Lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis), considered globally as a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, thread-like worms. The adult worms only live in the human lymph system.

Spread: Lymphatic filariasis is spread from person to person by mosquitoes.

Lymphatic filariasis is a leading cause of permanent disability worldwide.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/maharashtra-resumes-immunisation-against-filariasis/article35242990.ece

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements with reference to the Election Commission(ECI):

 

  1. In case of difference of opinion between the Chief Election Commissioner and election commissioners, the decision of Chief Election Commissioner prevails over others.

 

  1. The Chief Election Commissioner does not have any say in the process of removal of any other election commissioner.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

 

  1. 2 only

 

  1. Both 1 and 2

 

  1. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: d

Explanation:

Statement 1 is not correct: The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) presides over the Election Commission but does not have more powers than the other Election Commissioners. The CEC and the two Election Commissioners have equal powers to take all decisions relating to elections as a collective body.

Statement 2 is not correct: Provided further that any other Election Commissioner or a Regional Commissioner shall not be removed from office except on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/jk-delimitation-panel-will-reserve-st-sc-seats/article35230259.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the sugar industry in India:

 

  1. The climate of South India is suitable for higher sucrose content giving higher yield per unit area as compared to north India.

 

  1. Rangarajan committee was set up to give recommendations on regulation of sugar industry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

 

  1. 2 only

 

  1. Both 1 and 2

 

  1. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: c

Explanation

Sugar industry is broadly distributed over two major areas of production- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana and Punjab in the north and Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

Statement 1 is correct: South India has tropical climate which is suitable for higher sucrose content giving higher yield per unit area as compared to north India.

Statement 2 is correct: Rangarajan committee (2012) was set up to give recommendations on regulation of sugar industry.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/sugar-exports-reach-475-mt-this-year-aista/article35244544.ece