1. Famous Kedar Nath case is most closely related to?

(a) President’s rule

(b) Right to women to enter into temple

(c) Constitutionality of Sedition provision

(d) Appointment in higher judiciary

 

Explanation: Option (c) is correct

Recently a petitioner challenged the constitutionality of the Kedar Nath case judgement in the Supreme Court. The petitioner argued that the 1962 judgment in the Kedar Nath case, which upheld Section 124A (sedition), a relic of the colonial legacy, was given at a time when doctrines such as ‘chilling effect’ on free speech were unheard of.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/supreme-court-agrees-to-examine-fresh-plea-challenging-sedition-law/article35316511.ece

 

  1. Which of the following countries are members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)?
  2. China
  3. Russia
  4. Afghanistan

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation:Option (a) is correct

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001. The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), four Observer States interested in acceding to full membership (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia) and six “Dialogue Partners” (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey).

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/future-of-afghanistan-cannot-be-its-past-jaishankar-at-sco-meet/article35320660.ece

https://dppa.un.org/en/shanghai-cooperation-organization#:~:text=The%20SCO%20currently%20comprises%20eight,Cambodia%2C%20Nepal%2C%20Sri%20Lanka%20and

 

 

  1. Which of the following best describes “base effect” in context of Inflation measurement?

(a) Distortion in inflation figures because of the price level in the same month, a year before.

(b) Distortion in inflation figures because of change in basket of goods.

(c) Difference in inflation level between two countries because of different exchange rates.

(d) None of the above

 

Explanation: Option (a) is correct

The base effect is most commonly pointed out when discussing comparisons using time-series data where the raw data value at one point in time is being compared to another chosen point. It can occur whether there is a constant index base to which many values in the series are being compared, or when doing a moving period-to-period comparison.

 

For example, the base effect can lead to an apparent under- or overstatement of figures such as inflation rates or economic growth rates if the point chosen for comparison has an unusually high or low value relative to the current period or the overall data.

 

Source:

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/base-effect.asp

https://theprint.in/ani-press-releases/wpi-inflation-eases-to-12-07-pc-in-june/696336/#:~:text=New%20Delhi%20%5BIndia%5D%2C%20July,Commerce%20and%20Industry%20on%20Wednesday.

 

 

  1. Which of the following are examples of non-communicable diseases?
  2. Stroke
  3. Alzheimer’s disease
  4. Meningitis

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

The disorders include non-communicable ones (stroke, headache disorders, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, brain and central nervous system cancer, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, motor neuron diseases and other neurological disorders), communicable ones (encephalitis, meningitis and tetanus), and injury-related disorders (traumatic brain injuries and spinal cord injuries).

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/stroke-caused-699000-deaths-in-india-in-2019-which-is-74-of-the-total-fatalities/article35315823.ece

 

  1. Which of the following is/are correct about the Leader of the House in any house of the Parliament?
  2. The term Leader of the House has been defined in Rules of Procedure of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
  3. The Prime Minister is always the leader of the house in Lok Sabha.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation: Option (a) is correct

In India, the position with regard to the Leader of the House is somewhat different. The term Leader of the House has been defined in Rules of Procedure of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. Leader of the House, according to Rule 2 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Lok Sabha means the Prime Minister, if he is a Member of the House or a Minister who is a Member of the House and is nominated by the Prime Minister to function as the Leader of the House. The Prime Minister is invariably the Leader of the Lok Sabha.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/piyush-goyal-appointed-leader-of-the-house-in-rajya-sabha/article35321679.ece

https://rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/practice_procedure/oppo.asp