1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993?
  2. The Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 is in conformity with Paris Principles.
  3. The statute lays down qualifications for the appointment of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was established on 12 October, 1993. The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006.

Statement 1 is correct: It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations by its Regulations 48/134 of 20 December, 1993.

 

Statement 2 is correct: The Commission consists of a Chairperson, five full-time Members and four deemed Members. The statute lays down qualifications for the appointment of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission.

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kolkata/nhrc-panel-recommends-cbi-probe-into-complaints-of-heinous-crimes-after-bengal-polls/article35342324.ece

https://nhrc.nic.in/about-us/about-the-Organisation

 

  1. Which of the following schedules of Indian Constitution is related to anti-defection?

(a) Fifth Schedule

(b) Tenth Schedule

(c) Eleventh Schedule

(d) First schedule

 

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

The Tenth Schedule to the Constitution, popularly known as the Anti-Defection Law, introduced by the Constitution (Fifty-second Amendment) Act, 1985 as amended by the Constitution (Ninety-First Amendment) Act, 2003 lays down the conditions regarding disqualification on grounds of defection.

 

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/notice-issued-to-3-mps-under-anti-defection-law/article35351985.ece

http://164.100.47.194/Loksabha/writereaddata/membersbook/Chapter5.pdf

 

  1. Which of the following is/are correct about adjournment motion?
  2. It is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance.
  3. Adjournment Motions are admissible only in the Rajya Sabha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: The primary object of an adjournment motion is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance having serious consequences and with regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper notice will be too late. The matter proposed to be raised should be of such a character that something very grave which affects the whole country and its security has happened and the House is required to pay its attention immediately by interrupting the normal business of the House.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Adjournment Motions are admissible only in the Lok Sabha.

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/akalis-to-move-adjournment-motion-in-lok-sabha-on-farm-laws/article35350410.ece

http://loksabhaph.nic.in/writereaddata/Abstract/adjournment_motion.pdf

 

  1. Which of the following best describes K Shaped economic recovery?

(a) Following a recession, different parts of the economy recovers at different rates, times, or magnitudes.

(b) Following a recession, different parts of the economy recovers at same rates, times, or magnitudes.

(c) Following a recession, a sudden economic recovery.

(d) None of the above

 

Explanation: Option (a) is correct

A K-shaped recovery occurs when, following a recession, different parts of the economy recover at different rates, times, or magnitudes. This is in contrast to an even, uniform recovery across sectors, industries, or groups of people. A K-shaped recovery leads to changes in the structure of the economy or the broader society as economic outcomes and relations are fundamentally changed before and after the recession. This type of recovery is called K-shaped because the path of different parts of the economy when charted together may diverge, resembling the two arms of the Roman letter "K."

 

Source:

https://www.investopedia.com/k-shaped-recovery-5080086

https://www.thehindu.com/podcast/is-the-indian-stock-market-in-a-bubble-the-hindu-parley-podcast/article35347544.ece#:~:text=iframe%3E%20Copy%20code-,Investors%20believe%20stocks%20are%20overvalued%20but,how%20to%20play%20the%20market.&text=Yet%2C%20the%20country's%20stock%20indices,stocks%20are%20in%20a%20bubble.

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the Zika Virus:
  2. Zika virus is not transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy,
  3. This disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 2 is correct: Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day. An increased risk of neurologic complications is associated with Zika virus infection in adults and children, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy and myelitis.

Statement 1 is incorrect: Zika virus is also transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy, through sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood products, and organ transplantation.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/zika-virus

https://www.who.int/health-topics/zika-virus-disease#tab=tab_1