1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Fiscal deficit?
  2. It is the difference between the total non-tax income of the government and its total expenditure.

 

  1. Since 1991 reforms, India has always remained in fiscal surplus.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Fiscal Deficit is the difference between the total income of the government (total taxes and non-debt capital receipts) and its total expenditure. A fiscal deficit situation occurs when the government’s expenditure exceeds its income.

 

Statement 2 is incorrect: India's fiscal deficit at 9.3% of GDP for FY21, down from revised estimate of 9.5% India's Fiscal deficit for 2020-21 was at 9.3 per cent or ₹18.21 lakh crore of the gross domestic product (GDP), lower than 9.5 per cent estimated by the Finance Ministry in the revised Budget estimates, according to the CGA data

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/time-to-be-brave-stretch-fiscal-deficit-goals-if-need-be-kamath/article35369939.ece#:~:text=K.%20V.%20Kamath-,'Benign%20rates%2C%20liquidity%20crucial%20to%20seize%20growth%20opportunity',need%20be%2C%20to%20push%20growth.

https://www.financialexpress.com/what-is/fiscal-deficit-meaning/1620295/

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following countries is the world's biggest carbon emitter?

(a) United States

(b) China

(c) India

(d) United Kingdom

 

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

The scheme was unveiled with China, the world’s biggest carbon emitter, seeking to take a global leadership role on the climate crisis in the lead up to a crucial UN summit in November.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-steps-up-climate-fight-with-emissions-trading-scheme/article35370126.ece

 

  1. Which of the following vaccines are provided under the Universal Immunisation Program?
  2. Hepatitis C vaccine
  3. Tetanus
  4. Coronavirus

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation: Option (c) is correct

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India provides several vaccines to infants, children and pregnant women through the Universal Immunisation Programme.

Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines are substances that stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.

Vaccines provided under UIP:BCG, OPV, Hepatitis B vaccine, Pentavalent Vaccine, Rotavirus Vaccine, Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Fractional Inactivated Poliomylitis Vaccine, Measles/ MR vaccine, Japanese encephalitis vaccine, DPT booster and Tetanus and adult diphtheria (Td) vaccine.

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-government-working-to-bring-moderna-vaccine-vk-paul/article35367979.ece

https://www.nhp.gov.in/universal-immunisation-programme_pg

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about reservation of seats in Lok sabha?
  2. Provision for nomination of two Anglo-Indians to the Lower House has ended.
  3. Women have one third reservation in Lok Sabha.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: Parliament passed a Constitutional amendment giving a 10-year extension to reservations for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State assemblies and ending the provision for nomination of two Anglo-Indians to the Lower House and assemblies.

 

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Bill that seeks to reserve one-third of all seats for women in the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in May 2008 by the UPA government and was referred to a standing committee. In 2010, it was passed in the House and transmitted finally to the Lok Sabha. The Bill lapsed with the 15th Lok Sabha.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bring-in-womens-reservation-bill-says-trinamool-congress/article35368228.ece

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parliament-approves-10-year-extension-to-sc-st-reservation-anglo-indian-nomination-dropped/article30289758.ece

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is correct about National Population Policy 2000?
  2. Target-free approach
  3. Focus on availability of health-care service
  4. Focus on child health and survival

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (d) is correct

As early as 1994, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (UN 1994); to which India is a signatory, strongly avers that coercion, incentives and disincentives have little role to play in population stabilisation and need to be replaced by the principle of informed free choice.

This principle is also echoed in the National Population Policy 2000, which unequivocally supports a target-free approach and explicitly focuses on education, maternal and child health and survival, and the availability of health-care services, including contraceptive services, as key strategies for population stabilisation.

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/an-irrational-draft-population-control-bill-that-must-go/article35372762.ece