1. With regard to Mucormycosis, consider the following statements:
  2. It is a bacterial disease.
  3. It mainly affects people who have health problems ortake medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucortycetes, which is abundant in the environment.

Statement 2 is correct: Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.

The fungus is all around. When the immunity is lowered in the post-COVID period, it starts invading the issues and blood vessels. The blood supply to the tissue is cut, and it leads to infarction and necrosis of the tissue. The fungus thrives on the decaying organic matter.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/most-mucormycosis-patients-in-tamil-nadu-need-surgery-say-doctors/article35388979.ece

 

  1. Which line separates Pakistan and Afghanistan?

(a) Durand Line

(b) MacMohan Line

(c) Redcliff Line

(d) 10 Degree Channel

Explanation: Option (a) is correct

Durand Line, boundary established in the Hindu Kush in 1893 running through the tribal lands between Afghanistan and British India, marking their respective spheres of influence; in modern times it has marked the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The acceptance of this line—which was named for Sir Mortimer Durand, who induced ʿAbdor Raḥmān Khān, amir of Afghanistan, to agree to a boundary—may be said to have settled the Indo-Afghan frontier problem for the rest of the British period.

Source: https://www.britannica.com/event/Durand-Line

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/taliban-has-won-battles-we-will-win-war-afghan-president-ghani/article35379659.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Diabetes?
  2. Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
  3. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
  4. Hyperglycaemia or raised blood sugar is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

All the three statements 1, 2 and 3 are correct: Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

Type 2 diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent, or adult-onset) results from the body’s ineffective use of insulin. The majority of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity.

Symptoms may be similar to those of type 1 diabetes, but are often less marked. As a result, the disease may be diagnosed several years after onset, after complications have already arisen.

Until recently, this type of diabetes was seen only in adults but it is now also occurring increasingly frequently in children.

Type 1 diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent, juvenile or childhood-onset) is characterized by deficient insulin production and requires daily administration of insulin. Neither the cause of Type 1 diabetes nor the means to prevent it are known.

Symptoms include excessive excretion of urine (polyuria), thirst (polydipsia), constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes, and fatigue. These symptoms may occur suddenly.

 

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/more-research-needed-on-diabetes-says-union-minister/article35389103.ece#:~:text=Union%20Minister%20of%20State%20Jitendra,on%20diabetes%20in%20the%20country.

 

 

  1. With regard to BharatNet Project, consider the following statements:

 

  1. BharatNet is about providing affordable broadband connectivity for all households and on demand capacity to all institutions to realise the vision of Digital India.

 

  1. The project is being funded by Finance Ministry.

 

  1. The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to the rural India.

 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 

(a) 1 and 2 only

 

(b) 1 and 3 only

 

(c) 2 and 3 only

 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 and 3 is correct: BharatNet is a project of national importance to establish a highly scalable network infrastructure accessible on a non-discriminatory basis, to provide on demand, affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and on demand capacity to all institutions, to realise the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the private sector.

The entire project is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF), which was set up for improving telecom services in rural and remote areas of the country. The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to the rural India.

 

Statement 2 is incorrect: The entire project is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF).

 

Source: https://vikaspedia.in/e-governance/digital-india/national-optical-fibre-network-nofn

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/congress-demands-probe-after-cag-flags-irregularities-in-bharatnet-project/article35382644.ece

 

 

  1. A New Quadrilateral Diplomatic Platform was recently in news, which all countries does it consist of?

 

  1. US

 

  1. Pakistan

 

  1. Afghanistan

 

  1. Uzbekistan

 

  1. India

 

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

(a) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only

 

(b) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only

 

(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

 

(d) All the above

 

Explanation: Option (c) is correct

The U.S., Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan have agreed in principle to establish a new quadrilateral diplomatic platform focused on enhancing regional connectivity, the Biden administration has said.

“The parties consider long-term peace and stability in Afghanistan critical to regional connectivity and agree that peace and regional connectivity are mutually reinforcing,” the State Department said.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/us-afghanistan-pakistan-uzbekistan-to-form-quad-group-to-enhance-regional-connectivity/article35377295.ece