1. Consider the following statements:
  2. The Midday Meal Scheme comes under the Ministry of Rural Development.
  3. The scheme covers all government schools and also Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • 1 only

 

  • 2 only

 

  • Both 1 and 2

 

  • Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Midday Meal Scheme comes under the Ministry of Education’s Department of School Education and Literacy.

It was launched in the year 1995 as a centrally sponsored scheme. It provides that every child within the age group of six to fourteen years studying in classes I to VIII who enrolls and attends the school, shall be provided hot cooked meal having nutritional standards of 450 calories and 12 gm of protein for primary (I- V class) and 700 calories and 20 gm protein for upper primary (VI-VIII class), free of charge every day except on school holidays.

Statement 2 is correct: The scheme covers all government and government aided schools and also Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/midday-meals-result-in-healthier-next-generation-study/article35393273.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the Financial Action Task Force:
  2. It is an inter-governmental body established during the G20 Summit.
  3. Its Secretariat is located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Financial Action Task Force

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 during the G7 Summit in Paris.

The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.

Statement 2 is correct: Its Secretariat is located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/fatf-review-of-india-put-off-again/article35398310.ece

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Indian Meteorological Department?
  2. It has the responsibility for naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean region.
  3. It has not accepted membership of the World Meteorological Organisation to ensure operational independence.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.

Statement 1 is correct: It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.

Statement 2 is incorrect: IMD became a member of the World Meteorological Organisation after independence on 27 April 1949.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/kseb-told-to-keep-close-watch-on-reservoirs/article35394999.ece

 

  1. Recently, the term 'Pegasus' was in the news. It is:

(a) A species of Dolphin

(b) An Underground cave system

(c) A Spyware

(d) A textile fibre

Explanation:

Option c is correct: Pegasus is a spyware developed by the Israeli cyber arms firm NSO Group Technologies.

It mainly uses exploit links, clicking on which installs Pegasus on the target’s phone.

Pegasus does so by exploiting vulnerabilities in the phone’s operating systems (OS).

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pegasus-spyware-used-to-snoop-on-indian-journalists-activists/article35399573.ece

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):
  2. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  3. It is also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group.
  4. All United Nations member states are the members of UNESCO.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1,2 and 3

Explanation:

UNESCO

Statement 1 is correct: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture.

Statement 2 is correct: It is also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG), a coalition of UN agencies and organizations aimed at fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

It has 193 Members and 11 Associate Members (As of April 2020) and is governed by the General Conference and the Executive Board.

Statement 3 is incorrect: Three UN member states (Israel, Liechtenstein, and United States) are not UNESCO members.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-denies-politics-behind-unesco-move-on-barrier-reef/article35397758.ece