1. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR):

 

  1. It is the apex body in India which is responsible for approval of licences for specified categories of drugs.

 

  1. It is funded through the Department of Health Research.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d )Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.

Statement 2 is correct: The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-40-crore-still-vulnerable-to-infection-icmr/article35427093.ece

 

  1. With reference to the religious practices in India, the “Lingayat” sect belongs to:

 

(a) Buddhism

 

(b) Jainism

 

(c) Hinduism

 

(d) Zoroastrianism

 

Explanation: Option c is correct:

Lingayatism is a Shaivite Hindu religious tradition in India. Initially known as Veerashaivas, since the 12th century adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats.

Lingayatism was founded, or revived, by the 12th-century philosopher and statesman Basava in Karnataka.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/lingayat-seers-rally-behind-yediyurappa/article35436041.ece

  1. Consider the following statements:

 

  1. Parliamentary privileges are certain immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament collectively only.

 

  1. A motion can be moved by any member of either House against those being held guilty of breach of privilege.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Privilege Motion

Statement 1 is incorrect: Parliamentary privileges are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively, so that they can effectively discharge their functions.

When any of these rights and immunities are disregarded, the offence is called a breach of privilege and is punishable under law of Parliament.

Statement 2 is correct: A notice is moved in the form of a motion by any member of either House against those being held guilty of breach of privilege. Each House also claims the right to punish as contempt actions which, while not breach of any specific privilege, are offences against its authority and dignity.

 

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/we-will-move-privilege-motion-against-health-minister-congress/article35432830.ece

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the structure of National Green Tribunal (NGT):

 

  1. The members of National Green Tribunal are not eligible for reappointment.

 

  1. The Chairperson of National Green Tribunal is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with Chief Justice of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation

National Green Tribunal

Statement 1 is correct: The Tribunal comprises of the Chairperson, the Judicial Members and Expert Members. They shall hold office for term of five years and are not eligible for reappointment.

Statement 2 is correct: The Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with Chief Justice of India (CJI).

A Selection Committee shall be formed by central government to appoint the Judicial Members and Expert Members.

There are to be least 10 and maximum 20 full time judicial members and Expert Members in the tribunal.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/ngt-raps-haryana-over-failure-to-maintain-green-norms/article35435369.ece

 

 

  1. Recently the 'China-South Asia grouping' was in the news. Which of the following ‘groups of countries’ is not part of it?

 

(a) China, Afghanistan and Bangladesh

 

(b) Nepal, Pakistan and China

 

(c) India, Bhutan and Maldives

 

(d) China, Bangladesh and Nepal

 

Explanation

China-South Asia grouping

  • It is established in the Southern Chinese city of Chongqing.
  • It is the outcome of a recent meeting of the Foreign Ministers of China, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  • Option c is correct: It does not include India, Bhutan and the Maldives.
  • It setup a poverty alleviation centre to deal with economic issues arising in South Asia due to COVID, an e-commerce economic cooperation forum and an emergency storage facility for vaccines.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/india-is-welcome-to-join-china-south-asia-grouping/article35433572.ece