1. Which of the following is/are correct about the World Health Organization (WHO)?
  2. It is one of the six main organs of the United Nations.
  3. WHO mobilizes governments and civil society to international organizations, foundations, advocates, researchers and health workers to advance the health and security of all.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Founded in 1948, WHO is the United Nations specialized agency (not a main organ) that connects nations, partners and people to promote health, keep the world safe and serve the vulnerable – so everyone, everywhere can attain the highest level of health.

 

The United Nations (UN) has six main organs. Five of them — the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council and the Secretariat — are based at UN Headquarters in New York. The sixth, the International Court of Justice, is located at The Hague in the Netherlands.

 

Statement 2 is correct: Collaboration is at the heart of all WHO do. From governments and civil society to international organizations, foundations, advocates, researchers and health workers – WHO mobilizes every part of society to advance the health and security of all.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/pegasus-10-prime-ministers-three-presidents-and-a-king-on-list-of-potential-targets/article35453643.ece

https://www.un.org/en/model-united-nations/un-structure

https://www.who.int/about

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements best describes “Cooperative Federalism”?

(a) Arrangement where the state is expected to give most of its constitutional power to the center and trust it to take the right decision in national interest.

(b) Type of federal arrangement where the constitution has provided for a weaker state.

(c) Arrangement which fosters administrative cooperation between the Centre and the States.

(d) Arrangement where all financial power is with the Central Government while most of the major responsibilities are with the state government.

 

Explanation:Option (c) is correct

India’s Constituent Assembly became the first-ever constituent body in the world to embrace what A.H. Birch and others have referred to it as ‘cooperative federalism’ — essentially defined by administrative cooperation between the Centre and the States, and a partial dependence of the States upon payments from the Centre. Accordingly, Indian constitutional law expert Granville Austin remarks that despite a strong Centre, cooperative federalism doesn’t necessarily result in weaker States; rather, the progress of the Republic rests upon active cooperation between the two.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/spirit-of-cooperative-federalism-is-essential-for-gst-to-succeed/article35452449.ece

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/reaffirm-cooperative-federalism/article31567966.ece

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016?
  2. Both the debtor himself or its creditors may apply for initiation of the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) in the event of a default.
  3. No minimum threshold is prescribed by the act above which only the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) can be initiated.

 

Select the correct statement using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

The Code provides a time-bound process for resolving the insolvency of corporate debtors (within 330 days) called the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP). 

 

Statement 1 is correct and 2 is incorrect: The debtor himself or its creditors may apply for initiation of CIRP in the event of a default of at least one lakh rupees.

 

Application for initiating PIRP may be filed in the event of a default of at least one lakh rupees.  The central government may increase the threshold of minimum default up to one crore rupees through a notification.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/ibbi-amends-insolvency-rules-to-help-improve-transparency/article35455260.ece#:~:text=Seeks%20to%20probe%20corporate%20debtor's%20'avoidance'%20transactions,-Seeking%20to%20enhance&text=The%20IBBI%20said%20in%20a,accountability%20in%20corporate%20insolvency%20proceedings%E2%80%9D.

https://prsindia.org/billtrack/the-insolvency-and-bankruptcy-code-amendment-ordinance-2021

 

  1. In accordance with provision of which of the following treaties, a member state can exit from European Union?

(a) The treaty of versailles

(b) The Treaty of Maastricht

(c) The Treaty of Rome

(d) Lisbon Treaty

 

Explanation: Option (d) is correct

What is Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty?

Article 50 is the only legal mechanism for a member state of the European Union (EU) to leave. A short paragraph in the Lisbon Treaty agreed by all EU member states in 2009, it sets out the steps a country needs to go through to withdraw from its treaty obligations.

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/uk-wants-new-trade-deal-for-north-ireland/article35453827.ece

https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/brexit/brexit-brief-article-50

 

  1. Which among the following are included in the UNESCO world heritage list?
  2. Rock shelters of Bhimbetka
  3. Agra Fort
  4. Sri Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

Explanation: Option (b) is correct

Rock shelters of Bhimbetka (Madhya Pradesh) and Agra Fort (Uttar Pradesh) are among the UNESCO world heritage list.

 

Sri Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar (Punjab) is on the tentative list and yet to get recognized as such.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/unesco-strips-liverpool-of-its-world-heritage-status/article35446742.ece

 

http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/IN